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Direct pulp capping versus pulpotomy with MTA for carious primary molars: a randomised clinical trial


Dimitraki, D; Papageorgiou, S N; Kotsanos, N (2019). Direct pulp capping versus pulpotomy with MTA for carious primary molars: a randomised clinical trial. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, 20(5):431-440.

Abstract

Aim: Aim of this randomised clinical trial was to compare the outcome of direct pulp capping (DPC) versus pulpotomy, both with MTA, for carious primary molars.
Methods: Healthy, cooperative children aged 3-9 years with at least one deep carious primary molar requiring vital pulp therapy were included. Data on the primary outcome (all-cause failure) and secondary outcomes (clinical or radiographic failure) were collected blindly semi-annually for a minimum of 1 year up to 3 years and analysed with survival analysis and generalised linear regression at alpha = 5%.
Results: A total of 74 children were randomly allocated on 1:1 basis to DPC (35 children; 40 teeth) or pulpotomy (39 children; 57 teeth). Survival from all-cause failure was 79.7% [95% confidence interval (CI) 69.3-86.9%] at 12 months and 66.0% (95% CI 53.4-76.0%) at 24 months which remained stable up to 36 months, with no differences between groups (P > 0.05). No significant difference was found in the survival rate of the two groups for all-cause [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.95; 95% CI 0.45-2.01; P = 0.88], clinical (HR = 0.74; 95% CI 0.0.19-2.92; P = 0.66), or radiographic failure (HR = 0.80; 95% CI 0.0.36-1.82; P = 0.60) throughout the 3-year follow-up. Regression analysis indicated that needing a second attempt for haemorrhage control was associated with higher clinical failure rate. All-case failure was significantly different for class II versus occlusal cavities and in the latter cavities pulpotomy performed better (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of the current trial indicate that both DPC and pulpotomy can be reliable options for the treatment of deep carious primary molars in cooperative children, in carefully selected cases.
Keywords: Direct pulp capping; MTA; Primary molars; Pulpotomy; Randomised clinical trial.

Abstract

Aim: Aim of this randomised clinical trial was to compare the outcome of direct pulp capping (DPC) versus pulpotomy, both with MTA, for carious primary molars.
Methods: Healthy, cooperative children aged 3-9 years with at least one deep carious primary molar requiring vital pulp therapy were included. Data on the primary outcome (all-cause failure) and secondary outcomes (clinical or radiographic failure) were collected blindly semi-annually for a minimum of 1 year up to 3 years and analysed with survival analysis and generalised linear regression at alpha = 5%.
Results: A total of 74 children were randomly allocated on 1:1 basis to DPC (35 children; 40 teeth) or pulpotomy (39 children; 57 teeth). Survival from all-cause failure was 79.7% [95% confidence interval (CI) 69.3-86.9%] at 12 months and 66.0% (95% CI 53.4-76.0%) at 24 months which remained stable up to 36 months, with no differences between groups (P > 0.05). No significant difference was found in the survival rate of the two groups for all-cause [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.95; 95% CI 0.45-2.01; P = 0.88], clinical (HR = 0.74; 95% CI 0.0.19-2.92; P = 0.66), or radiographic failure (HR = 0.80; 95% CI 0.0.36-1.82; P = 0.60) throughout the 3-year follow-up. Regression analysis indicated that needing a second attempt for haemorrhage control was associated with higher clinical failure rate. All-case failure was significantly different for class II versus occlusal cavities and in the latter cavities pulpotomy performed better (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of the current trial indicate that both DPC and pulpotomy can be reliable options for the treatment of deep carious primary molars in cooperative children, in carefully selected cases.
Keywords: Direct pulp capping; MTA; Primary molars; Pulpotomy; Randomised clinical trial.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Health Sciences > Dentistry (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health, Dentistry (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:1 October 2019
Deposited On:28 Feb 2020 16:10
Last Modified:27 Jan 2022 01:37
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1818-6300
Additional Information:This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00419-7
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00419-7
PubMed ID:30788777

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