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Governance by and of algorithms on the internet: impact and consequences


Latzer, Michael; Just, Natascha Katharina (2020). Governance by and of algorithms on the internet: impact and consequences. In: Nussbaum, Jon F.. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, online.

Abstract

Internet-based services that build on automated algorithmic selection processes, for ex­ample search engines, computational advertising, and recommender systems, are boom­ing and platform companies that provide such services are among the most valuable cor­porations worldwide. Algorithms on and beyond the Internet are increasingly influencing, aiding, or replacing human decision-making in many life domains. Their far-reaching, multifaceted economic and social impact, which results from the governancebyalgorithms, is widely acknowledged. However, suitable policy reactions, that is, the gover­nanceofalgorithms, are the subject of controversy in academia, politics, industry, and civ­il society. This governance by and of algorithms is to be understood in the wider context of current technical and societal change, and in connection with other emerging trends. In particular, expanding algorithmizing of life domains is closely interrelated with and de­pendent on growing datafication and big data on the one hand, and rising automation and artificial intelligence in modern, digitized societies on the other. Consequently, the assess­ments and debates of these central developmental trends in digitized societies overlap ex­tensively.Research on the governance by and of algorithms is highly interdisciplinary. Communica­tion studies contributes to the formation of so called “critical algorithms studies” with its wide set of sub-fields and approaches and by applying qualitative and quantitative meth­ods. Its contributions focus both on the impact of algorithmic systems on traditional me­dia, journalism, and the public sphere, and also cover effect analyses and risk assess­ments of algorithmic-selection applications in many domains of everyday life. The latter includes the whole range of public and private governance options to counter or reduce these risks or to safeguard ethical standards and human rights, including communication rights in a digital age.

Abstract

Internet-based services that build on automated algorithmic selection processes, for ex­ample search engines, computational advertising, and recommender systems, are boom­ing and platform companies that provide such services are among the most valuable cor­porations worldwide. Algorithms on and beyond the Internet are increasingly influencing, aiding, or replacing human decision-making in many life domains. Their far-reaching, multifaceted economic and social impact, which results from the governancebyalgorithms, is widely acknowledged. However, suitable policy reactions, that is, the gover­nanceofalgorithms, are the subject of controversy in academia, politics, industry, and civ­il society. This governance by and of algorithms is to be understood in the wider context of current technical and societal change, and in connection with other emerging trends. In particular, expanding algorithmizing of life domains is closely interrelated with and de­pendent on growing datafication and big data on the one hand, and rising automation and artificial intelligence in modern, digitized societies on the other. Consequently, the assess­ments and debates of these central developmental trends in digitized societies overlap ex­tensively.Research on the governance by and of algorithms is highly interdisciplinary. Communica­tion studies contributes to the formation of so called “critical algorithms studies” with its wide set of sub-fields and approaches and by applying qualitative and quantitative meth­ods. Its contributions focus both on the impact of algorithmic systems on traditional me­dia, journalism, and the public sphere, and also cover effect analyses and risk assess­ments of algorithmic-selection applications in many domains of everyday life. The latter includes the whole range of public and private governance options to counter or reduce these risks or to safeguard ethical standards and human rights, including communication rights in a digital age.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Communication and Media Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:700 Arts
Uncontrolled Keywords:Algorithms,Internet,governance,automation,artificial intelligence,algorithmic decision-making,per­sonalization
Language:English
Date:February 2020
Deposited On:03 Mar 2020 14:51
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:47
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Series Name:Oxford Research Encyclopedias
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.904

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