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Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters in dogs with haemoperitoneum and their associations with clinical and laboratory signs.


Martin, A; Kutter, Annette P N; Sigrist, Nadja E (2020). Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters in dogs with haemoperitoneum and their associations with clinical and laboratory signs. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 162(3):153-161.

Abstract

Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a viscoelastic coagulation test that allows the evaluation of haemostasis from clot formation to clot dissolution. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the changes in haemostasis using ROTEM parameters in dogs presenting with spontaneous or traumatic haemoperitoneum and to evaluate any associations between clinical and laboratory parameters at presentation with the ROTEM. We hypothesized that the dogs would show signs of hypocoagulability and hyperfibrinolysis and that these changes would correlate with the degree of hypoperfusion. Clinical records were searched for a period of 5 years for dogs presenting with a haemoperitoneum und for whom a -ROTEM analysis at presentation was carried out. Forty dogs were identified, and various clinical and laboratory parameter (heart rate, blood pressure, blood glucose, lactate, serum albumin concentration, PCV (venous and abdominal), ionized calcium, pH and base excess) were retrieved. The following ROTEM parameters were analysed: extrinsic clotting time (ExTEM CT), clot formation time (ExTEM CFT), clot firmness (ExTEM MCF) and maximum lysis (ExTEM ML), as well as fibrinogen (FibTEM) CT and MCF. Compared to institutional reference intervals, dogs with haemoabdomen showed prolongation of ExTEM and FibTEM CT, ExTEM CFT and 50% were hypocoagulable and 62% thrombocytopenic. No hyperfibrinolysis could be detected. Multiple linear regression models showed an association between decreased base excess, trauma and ROTEM signs for hypocoagulability. Furthermore, age was associated with a stronger fibrin clot. In conclusion, 50% of the dogs presented hypocoagulable and changes in ROTEM parameters are similar to those seen with consumption coagulopathy. Base excess and trauma were associated with hypocoagulability, while increasing age was associated with a stronger fibrin clot.

Abstract

Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a viscoelastic coagulation test that allows the evaluation of haemostasis from clot formation to clot dissolution. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the changes in haemostasis using ROTEM parameters in dogs presenting with spontaneous or traumatic haemoperitoneum and to evaluate any associations between clinical and laboratory parameters at presentation with the ROTEM. We hypothesized that the dogs would show signs of hypocoagulability and hyperfibrinolysis and that these changes would correlate with the degree of hypoperfusion. Clinical records were searched for a period of 5 years for dogs presenting with a haemoperitoneum und for whom a -ROTEM analysis at presentation was carried out. Forty dogs were identified, and various clinical and laboratory parameter (heart rate, blood pressure, blood glucose, lactate, serum albumin concentration, PCV (venous and abdominal), ionized calcium, pH and base excess) were retrieved. The following ROTEM parameters were analysed: extrinsic clotting time (ExTEM CT), clot formation time (ExTEM CFT), clot firmness (ExTEM MCF) and maximum lysis (ExTEM ML), as well as fibrinogen (FibTEM) CT and MCF. Compared to institutional reference intervals, dogs with haemoabdomen showed prolongation of ExTEM and FibTEM CT, ExTEM CFT and 50% were hypocoagulable and 62% thrombocytopenic. No hyperfibrinolysis could be detected. Multiple linear regression models showed an association between decreased base excess, trauma and ROTEM signs for hypocoagulability. Furthermore, age was associated with a stronger fibrin clot. In conclusion, 50% of the dogs presented hypocoagulable and changes in ROTEM parameters are similar to those seen with consumption coagulopathy. Base excess and trauma were associated with hypocoagulability, while increasing age was associated with a stronger fibrin clot.

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Other titles:Thromboelastometrie (ROTEM) Parameter und deren Assoziierung mit klinischen und Laborparametern in Hunden mit Hämoperitoneum
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cani; Canine; Hyperfibrinolyse; Hypokoagulabilität; Hämoabdomen; Hämostase; emoaddome; emostasi; haemoabdomen; haemostasis; hyperfibrinolyse; hyperfibrinolysis; hypocoagulability; hypocoagulabilité; hémoabdomen; hémostase; iperfibrinolisi; ipocoagulabilità.
Language:English
Date:March 2020
Deposited On:10 Mar 2020 10:21
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:51
Publisher:Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte
ISSN:0036-7281
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17236/sat00249
PubMed ID:32146435

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