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Analyzing science communication through the lens of communication science: reviewing the empirical evidence


Schäfer, Mike S; Kessler, Sabrina Heike; Fähnrich, Birte (2019). Analyzing science communication through the lens of communication science: reviewing the empirical evidence. In: Leßmöllmann, Annette; Dascal, Marcelo; Gloning, Thomas. Science communication. Berlin: De Gruyter, 77-104.

Abstract

From the 1960s onwards, communication scientists have analyzed science communication. This article provides an overview of the empirical evidence that this research has generated. First, it describes the structures of the research field based on available meta-analyses. Then, it describes what is known about the communicators of science (such as scientists, journalists, PR experts, NGOs, and others) and about the portrayals of science in news media as well as online and in social media, and examines what is known about the uses and effects of science communication. For each of these subfields, the questions in focus, typical theoretical approaches, main results, and gaps are identified and reflected upon. In addition, the article identifies research gaps and potential avenues for future research.

Abstract

From the 1960s onwards, communication scientists have analyzed science communication. This article provides an overview of the empirical evidence that this research has generated. First, it describes the structures of the research field based on available meta-analyses. Then, it describes what is known about the communicators of science (such as scientists, journalists, PR experts, NGOs, and others) and about the portrayals of science in news media as well as online and in social media, and examines what is known about the uses and effects of science communication. For each of these subfields, the questions in focus, typical theoretical approaches, main results, and gaps are identified and reflected upon. In addition, the article identifies research gaps and potential avenues for future research.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Communication and Media Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:700 Arts
Uncontrolled Keywords:Science communication, science communicators, content analysis, media use, media effects, communication science, literature review
Language:English
Date:16 December 2019
Deposited On:12 Mar 2020 11:43
Last Modified:16 Dec 2020 01:01
Publisher:De Gruyter
Series Name:Handbooks of communication science
Number:17
ISSN:2199-6288
ISBN:978-3-11-025551-5
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110255522-004

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