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Developments in Psychotraumatology: A Conceptual, Biological, and Cultural Update


Maercker, Andreas; Augsburger, Mareike (2019). Developments in Psychotraumatology: A Conceptual, Biological, and Cultural Update. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 1(1):2363.

Abstract

This report discusses recent developments of psychotraumatology mainly related to the recently published ICD-11, but also from a societal point of view.The selected aspects of the development of this field will be presented as a scoping review.In the first section, the new concept of disorders specifically associated with stress and its relevant diagnostic groups (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], complex PTSD, prolonged grief disorder, and adjustment disorder) are presented, with an emphasis on PTSD. The second section embeds these diagnostic concepts within a broader context. In particular, the concept of psychotraumatology is applied to the impact of adverse childhood experiences. More specifically, recent scientific developments are discussed with respect to biological stress research. In a third section, a global perspective is applied that reflects psychotraumatology as embedded in culturally-specific concepts. Lastly, societal developments are taken into consideration. This section focusses on recent processes of victim acknowledgement and compensation taking place in Europe and beyond. Examples are provided for how traumatic stress is perceived and processed in society. Concepts such as continuous stress and historical trauma are also discussed.Demands and opportunities of basic research and psychological interventions with a global focus are outlined.<jats:list><jats:list-item>Psychotraumatology is an expanding field including both basic research and intervention-related research.</jats:list-item><jats:list-item>Starting points of this new research area are not only potential traumatic events but also adverse childhood experiences.</jats:list-item><jats:list-item>In a globalized world, cultural and societal factors play an increasingly important role in psychotraumatology.</jats:list-item></jats:list>Psychotraumatology is an expanding field including both basic research and intervention-related research.Starting points of this new research area are not only potential traumatic events but also adverse childhood experiences.In a globalized world, cultural and societal factors play an increasingly important role in psychotraumatology.

Abstract

This report discusses recent developments of psychotraumatology mainly related to the recently published ICD-11, but also from a societal point of view.The selected aspects of the development of this field will be presented as a scoping review.In the first section, the new concept of disorders specifically associated with stress and its relevant diagnostic groups (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], complex PTSD, prolonged grief disorder, and adjustment disorder) are presented, with an emphasis on PTSD. The second section embeds these diagnostic concepts within a broader context. In particular, the concept of psychotraumatology is applied to the impact of adverse childhood experiences. More specifically, recent scientific developments are discussed with respect to biological stress research. In a third section, a global perspective is applied that reflects psychotraumatology as embedded in culturally-specific concepts. Lastly, societal developments are taken into consideration. This section focusses on recent processes of victim acknowledgement and compensation taking place in Europe and beyond. Examples are provided for how traumatic stress is perceived and processed in society. Concepts such as continuous stress and historical trauma are also discussed.Demands and opportunities of basic research and psychological interventions with a global focus are outlined.<jats:list><jats:list-item>Psychotraumatology is an expanding field including both basic research and intervention-related research.</jats:list-item><jats:list-item>Starting points of this new research area are not only potential traumatic events but also adverse childhood experiences.</jats:list-item><jats:list-item>In a globalized world, cultural and societal factors play an increasingly important role in psychotraumatology.</jats:list-item></jats:list>Psychotraumatology is an expanding field including both basic research and intervention-related research.Starting points of this new research area are not only potential traumatic events but also adverse childhood experiences.In a globalized world, cultural and societal factors play an increasingly important role in psychotraumatology.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:29 March 2019
Deposited On:18 Mar 2020 12:38
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:55
Publisher:PsychOpen
ISSN:2625-3410
OA Status:Gold
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.32872/cpe.v1i1.30294

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