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Socioeconomic burden and quality of life in meningioma patients


Wirsching, Hans-Georg; Morel, Corinne; Roth, Patrick; Weller, Michael (2020). Socioeconomic burden and quality of life in meningioma patients. Quality of Life Research, 29(7):1801-1808.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Long-term impairment of quality of life (QoL) occurs in a subset of meningioma patients, even after curative surgical resection. We sought to explore socioeconomic burden of meningioma surgery and associations with post-operative QoL to identify patients at risk for inferior outcome.
METHODS: All patients with histological diagnosis of an intracranial meningioma treated at a single institution 2000-2013 were screened for inclusion in this cross-sectional survey study. Surveys comprised tools to assess socioeconomic status including social deprivation, QoL and symptom burden. Multivariate binary regression models controlling for established prognostic factors were applied to explore associations of socioeconomics with QoL 1 year after surgery.
RESULTS: Completed surveys were returned by 249 patients. The median age at diagnosis was 56 years (SD ± 12), 185 patients (74%) were female and 219 (88%) had World Health Organization grade I meningiomas. One year after surgery, there was a 20% decrease in the number of patients working (p < 0.001), 22% of full-time working patients transitioned to part-time work (p < 0.001) and more patients depended on professional care (14% versus 4%, p < 0.001). Patients reported improved QoL, including improved global health (effect: 21%, 95% confidence interval [1] 15-26%), headaches (effect: 19%, CI 13-24%) and seizures (effect: 12%, CI 8-17%). On multivariable analyses, QoL after meningioma surgery was associated with preoperative employment status (odds ratio [OR] 0.41, 95% CI 0.17-0.98) and subjective work ability (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.15-0.92).
CONCLUSION: In a subset of meningioma patients, there is marked socioeconomic burden, which may be associated with inferior patient-reported outcome.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Long-term impairment of quality of life (QoL) occurs in a subset of meningioma patients, even after curative surgical resection. We sought to explore socioeconomic burden of meningioma surgery and associations with post-operative QoL to identify patients at risk for inferior outcome.
METHODS: All patients with histological diagnosis of an intracranial meningioma treated at a single institution 2000-2013 were screened for inclusion in this cross-sectional survey study. Surveys comprised tools to assess socioeconomic status including social deprivation, QoL and symptom burden. Multivariate binary regression models controlling for established prognostic factors were applied to explore associations of socioeconomics with QoL 1 year after surgery.
RESULTS: Completed surveys were returned by 249 patients. The median age at diagnosis was 56 years (SD ± 12), 185 patients (74%) were female and 219 (88%) had World Health Organization grade I meningiomas. One year after surgery, there was a 20% decrease in the number of patients working (p < 0.001), 22% of full-time working patients transitioned to part-time work (p < 0.001) and more patients depended on professional care (14% versus 4%, p < 0.001). Patients reported improved QoL, including improved global health (effect: 21%, 95% confidence interval [1] 15-26%), headaches (effect: 19%, CI 13-24%) and seizures (effect: 12%, CI 8-17%). On multivariable analyses, QoL after meningioma surgery was associated with preoperative employment status (odds ratio [OR] 0.41, 95% CI 0.17-0.98) and subjective work ability (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.15-0.92).
CONCLUSION: In a subset of meningioma patients, there is marked socioeconomic burden, which may be associated with inferior patient-reported outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Language:English
Date:3 March 2020
Deposited On:16 Dec 2020 16:24
Last Modified:16 Dec 2020 16:28
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0962-9343
Additional Information:This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Quality of life research. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02461-1
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02461-1
PubMed ID:32128657

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