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Seasonal expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), its receptor IGF-1R and klotho in testis and epididymis of the European bison (Bison bonasus, Linnaeus 1758)


Tabecka-Lonczynska, Anna; Mytych, Jennifer; Solek, Przemyslaw; Kowalewski, Mariusz P; Koziorowski, Marek (2019). Seasonal expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), its receptor IGF-1R and klotho in testis and epididymis of the European bison (Bison bonasus, Linnaeus 1758). Theriogenology, 126:199-205.

Abstract

The European bisons are the largest mammals of Europe that are still in danger of extinction. The species conservation is associated with their continuous reproduction, and bisons are characterized by the well-pronounced seasonality of reproductive processes. However, the exact mechanisms regulating their reproduction still remain unknown. Our previous studies indicated the involvement of some of the growth factors in the regulation of male seasonal reproductive activities in bison, showing expression patterns that seemed to be regulated by the length of the daylight. In the present study, using RT-PCR and Western blot approaches, we verified the expression and possible relationship between the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), its receptor (IGF-1R), and klotho in testis and epididymis of the European bison in pre- and post-reproductive periods, i.e., in June and in December. The observed expression of IGF-1 and IGF-1R mRNA in testis and epididymis was higher in June than in December. At the same time, klotho mRNA expression in both testis and epididymis did not differ between the analyzed seasons. However, along with the higher levels of IGF-1R protein observed in June, klotho protein levels for the membrane form and for the secrete form were higher in December than in June. Finally, the messenger and protein expression profiles presented herein indicate the importance of both the IGF-system and klotho in reproductive processes in the European bison, implying their involvement in the regulation of seasonal testicular activity in males of this threatened species.

Abstract

The European bisons are the largest mammals of Europe that are still in danger of extinction. The species conservation is associated with their continuous reproduction, and bisons are characterized by the well-pronounced seasonality of reproductive processes. However, the exact mechanisms regulating their reproduction still remain unknown. Our previous studies indicated the involvement of some of the growth factors in the regulation of male seasonal reproductive activities in bison, showing expression patterns that seemed to be regulated by the length of the daylight. In the present study, using RT-PCR and Western blot approaches, we verified the expression and possible relationship between the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), its receptor (IGF-1R), and klotho in testis and epididymis of the European bison in pre- and post-reproductive periods, i.e., in June and in December. The observed expression of IGF-1 and IGF-1R mRNA in testis and epididymis was higher in June than in December. At the same time, klotho mRNA expression in both testis and epididymis did not differ between the analyzed seasons. However, along with the higher levels of IGF-1R protein observed in June, klotho protein levels for the membrane form and for the secrete form were higher in December than in June. Finally, the messenger and protein expression profiles presented herein indicate the importance of both the IGF-system and klotho in reproductive processes in the European bison, implying their involvement in the regulation of seasonal testicular activity in males of this threatened species.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Food Animals, Animal Science and Zoology, Equine, Small Animals, Epididymis; European bison; IGF; Klotho; Seasonal reproduction; Testis
Language:English
Date:1 March 2019
Deposited On:25 Mar 2020 15:24
Last Modified:25 Mar 2020 15:26
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0093-691X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.12.016
PubMed ID:30579142

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