Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Emotional conflict adaptation predicts intrusive memories


Grueschow, Marcus; Jelezarova, Iva; Westphal, Maren; Ehlert, Ulrike; Kleim, Birgit (2020). Emotional conflict adaptation predicts intrusive memories. PLoS ONE, 15(2):e0225573.

Abstract

Why do some individuals experience intrusive emotional memories following stressful or traumatic events whereas others do not? Attentional control may contribute to the development of such memories by shielding attention to ongoing tasks from affective reactions to task-irrelevant emotional stimuli. The present study investigated whether individual differences in theability to exert cognitive control are associated with experiencing intrusive emotional memories after laboratory trauma. Sixty-one healthy women provided self-reported and experimentally derived measures of attentional control. They then viewed a trauma film in the laboratory and recorded intrusive memories for one week using a diary. Gaze avoidance during trauma film exposure was associated with more intrusive memories. Greater attentional control over emotion prior to film viewing, as assessed with the experimental task, predicted fewer intrusive memories while self-reported attentional control was unrelated to intrusive memories. Preexisting capacity to shield information processing from distraction may protect individuals from developing intrusive emotional memories following exposure to stress or trauma. These findings provide important clues for prevention and intervention science.

Abstract

Why do some individuals experience intrusive emotional memories following stressful or traumatic events whereas others do not? Attentional control may contribute to the development of such memories by shielding attention to ongoing tasks from affective reactions to task-irrelevant emotional stimuli. The present study investigated whether individual differences in theability to exert cognitive control are associated with experiencing intrusive emotional memories after laboratory trauma. Sixty-one healthy women provided self-reported and experimentally derived measures of attentional control. They then viewed a trauma film in the laboratory and recorded intrusive memories for one week using a diary. Gaze avoidance during trauma film exposure was associated with more intrusive memories. Greater attentional control over emotion prior to film viewing, as assessed with the experimental task, predicted fewer intrusive memories while self-reported attentional control was unrelated to intrusive memories. Preexisting capacity to shield information processing from distraction may protect individuals from developing intrusive emotional memories following exposure to stress or trauma. These findings provide important clues for prevention and intervention science.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

6 downloads since deposited on 08 Apr 2020
6 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:2020
Deposited On:08 Apr 2020 11:04
Last Modified:11 May 2020 19:49
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN:1932-6203
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225573
PubMed ID:32078627
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDPZ00P1_126597
  • : Project TitlePsychological and Biological Mechanisms of Stress Resilience
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDPZ00P1_150812
  • : Project TitlePsychological and biological mechanisms of stress resilience

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'Emotional conflict adaptation predicts intrusive memories'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 736kB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)