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Linear and Non-Linear Age Trajectories of Language Use: A Laboratory Observation Study of Couples' Conflict Conversations


Luo, Minxia; Neysari, Mona; Schneider, Gerold; Martin, Mike; Demiray, Burcu (2020). Linear and Non-Linear Age Trajectories of Language Use: A Laboratory Observation Study of Couples' Conflict Conversations. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated linear and non-linear age effects on language use with speech samples that were representative of naturally occurring conversations.

METHOD: Using a corpus-based approach, we examined couples' conflict conversations in the laboratory. The conversations, from a total of 364 community dwelling German-speaking heterosexual couples (aged 19 to 82), were videotaped and transcribed. We examined usage of lower-frequency words, grammatical complexity, and utterance of filled pauses (e.g., äh ["um"]).

RESULTS: Multilevel models showed that age effects on the usage of lower-frequency words were non-significant. Grammatical complexity increased until middle age (i.e., 54) and then declined. The utterance of filled pauses increased until old age (i.e., 70) and then decreased.

DISCUSSION: Results are discussed in relation to cognitive aging research.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated linear and non-linear age effects on language use with speech samples that were representative of naturally occurring conversations.

METHOD: Using a corpus-based approach, we examined couples' conflict conversations in the laboratory. The conversations, from a total of 364 community dwelling German-speaking heterosexual couples (aged 19 to 82), were videotaped and transcribed. We examined usage of lower-frequency words, grammatical complexity, and utterance of filled pauses (e.g., äh ["um"]).

RESULTS: Multilevel models showed that age effects on the usage of lower-frequency words were non-significant. Grammatical complexity increased until middle age (i.e., 54) and then declined. The utterance of filled pauses increased until old age (i.e., 70) and then decreased.

DISCUSSION: Results are discussed in relation to cognitive aging research.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
06 Faculty of Arts > English Department
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Computational Linguistics
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:30 March 2020
Deposited On:08 Apr 2020 11:47
Last Modified:02 Jul 2020 12:32
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1079-5014
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbaa041
PubMed ID:32227100
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSI11_133004
  • : Project TitleImpact of Stress on Relationship Development of Couples and Children: A Longitudinal Approach on Dyadic Development Across the Lifespan
  • : FunderHedwig Widmer Stiftung
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderVelux Stiftung
  • : Grant ID917
  • : Project Title

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