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Molybdenum-Doped Manganese Oxide as a Highly Efficient and Economical Water Oxidation Catalyst


Balaghi, S Esmael; Triana, Carlos A; Patzke, Greta R (2020). Molybdenum-Doped Manganese Oxide as a Highly Efficient and Economical Water Oxidation Catalyst. ACS Catalysis, 10(3):2074-2087.

Abstract

The development of efficient and noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for the challenging oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is crucial for sustainable energy solutions. In this work, a facile co-precipitation method, followed by thermal postsynthetic treatment in N2/air, was developed to synthesize molybdenum-doped α-Mn2O3 materials (Mn2O3:1.72%Mo, Mn2O3:2.64%Mo, Mn2O3:32.23%Mo, and Mn2O3:49.67%Mo) as low-cost water-oxidizing electrocatalysts. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) investigations showed the presence of strong distortions in the molybdenum-doped α-Mn2O3 host lattice (Mn2O3:2.64%Mo) and an average oxidation state of Mn2.8+. Several test assays demonstrated that these structural features significantly promote the OER activity. Mn2O3:2.64%Mo was found to exhibit very good activity among the series in cerium ammonium nitrate (CAN)-assisted water oxidation with a maximum turnover frequency (TOF) of 585 μmol O2 m–2 h–1, which is a 15-fold improvement of the pure α-Mn2O3 activity and higher than the value of the previously reported benchmark Mn-based catalyst, birnessite. The optimized catalyst (Mn2O3:2.64%Mo) excelled through a low onset potential (300 mV) and a promising overpotential of 570 mV for OER at a current density of 10 mA cm–2, which is only 20 mV above that of the noble metal benchmark RuO2 electrode and competitive with that of the most active Mn-based OER catalysts reported to date. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) studies demonstrated that the catalytically active surface area of Mn2O3:2.64%Mo is much higher than that of α-Mn2O3 for the OER at the applied potential. In addition, stability during 30 h without degradation was achieved, which exceeds that of a wide range of current noble-metal-free electrocatalysts. Our study provides a facile and effective approach for the preparation of economical and high-performance manganese-based electrocatalysts for water oxidation.

Abstract

The development of efficient and noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for the challenging oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is crucial for sustainable energy solutions. In this work, a facile co-precipitation method, followed by thermal postsynthetic treatment in N2/air, was developed to synthesize molybdenum-doped α-Mn2O3 materials (Mn2O3:1.72%Mo, Mn2O3:2.64%Mo, Mn2O3:32.23%Mo, and Mn2O3:49.67%Mo) as low-cost water-oxidizing electrocatalysts. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) investigations showed the presence of strong distortions in the molybdenum-doped α-Mn2O3 host lattice (Mn2O3:2.64%Mo) and an average oxidation state of Mn2.8+. Several test assays demonstrated that these structural features significantly promote the OER activity. Mn2O3:2.64%Mo was found to exhibit very good activity among the series in cerium ammonium nitrate (CAN)-assisted water oxidation with a maximum turnover frequency (TOF) of 585 μmol O2 m–2 h–1, which is a 15-fold improvement of the pure α-Mn2O3 activity and higher than the value of the previously reported benchmark Mn-based catalyst, birnessite. The optimized catalyst (Mn2O3:2.64%Mo) excelled through a low onset potential (300 mV) and a promising overpotential of 570 mV for OER at a current density of 10 mA cm–2, which is only 20 mV above that of the noble metal benchmark RuO2 electrode and competitive with that of the most active Mn-based OER catalysts reported to date. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) studies demonstrated that the catalytically active surface area of Mn2O3:2.64%Mo is much higher than that of α-Mn2O3 for the OER at the applied potential. In addition, stability during 30 h without degradation was achieved, which exceeds that of a wide range of current noble-metal-free electrocatalysts. Our study provides a facile and effective approach for the preparation of economical and high-performance manganese-based electrocatalysts for water oxidation.

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Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
08 Research Priority Programs > Solar Light to Chemical Energy Conversion
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Catalysis
Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Language:English
Date:7 February 2020
Deposited On:17 Apr 2020 09:03
Last Modified:22 Jan 2021 01:00
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:2155-5435
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b02718
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSII2_160801
  • : Project TitlePhotocatalytic Processes at Solvated Interfaces

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