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Applying evidence to support ethical decisions: is the placebo really powerless?


Porzsolt, Franz; Schlotz-Gorton, Nicole; Biller-Andorno, Nikola; Thim, Anke; Meissner, Karin; Roeckl-Wiedmann, Irmgard; Herzberger, Barbara; Ziegler, Renatus; Gaus, Wilhelm; Pöppe, Ernst (2004). Applying evidence to support ethical decisions: is the placebo really powerless? Science and Engineering Ethics, 10(1):119-132.

Abstract

Using placebos in day-to-day practice is an ethical problem. This paper summarises the available epidemiological evidence to support this difficult decision. Based on these data we propose to differentiate between placebo and "knowledge framing". While the use of placebo should be confined to experimental settings in clinical trials, knowledge framing--which is only conceptually different from placebo--is a desired, expected and necessary component of any doctor-patient encounter. Examples from daily practice demonstrate both, the need to investigate the effects of knowledge framing and its impact on ethical, medical, economical and legal decisions.

Abstract

Using placebos in day-to-day practice is an ethical problem. This paper summarises the available epidemiological evidence to support this difficult decision. Based on these data we propose to differentiate between placebo and "knowledge framing". While the use of placebo should be confined to experimental settings in clinical trials, knowledge framing--which is only conceptually different from placebo--is a desired, expected and necessary component of any doctor-patient encounter. Examples from daily practice demonstrate both, the need to investigate the effects of knowledge framing and its impact on ethical, medical, economical and legal decisions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Issues, Ethics and Legal Aspects
Social Sciences & Humanities > Health (social science)
Health Sciences > Health Policy
Social Sciences & Humanities > Management of Technology and Innovation
Language:German
Date:January 2004
Deposited On:27 Apr 2020 11:32
Last Modified:13 May 2020 23:45
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1353-3452
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-004-0069-6
PubMed ID:14986778

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