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Multicenter external validation of the Zurich Pituitary Score


Staartjes, Victor E; Serra, Carlo; Zoli, Matteo; Mazzatenta, Diego; Pozzi, Fabio; Locatelli, Davide; D'Avella, Elena; Solari, Domenico; Cavallo, Luigi Maria; Regli, Luca (2020). Multicenter external validation of the Zurich Pituitary Score. Acta Neurochirurgica, 162(6):1287-1295.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Recently, the Zurich Pituitary Score (ZPS) has been proposed as a new quantitative preoperative classification scheme for predicting gross total resection (GTR), extent of resection (EOR), and residual tumor volume (RV) in endoscopic pituitary surgery. We evaluated the external validity of the ZPS.
METHODS:

In three reference centers for pituitary surgery, the ZPS was applied and correlated to GTR, EOR, and RV. Furthermore, its inter-rater agreement was assessed.
RESULTS:

A total of 485 patients (53% male; age, 53.8 ± 15.7) were included. ZPS grades I, II, III, and IV were observed in 110 (23%), 270 (56%), 64 (13%), and 41 (8%) patients, respectively. GTR was achieved in 358 (74%) cases, with mean EOR of 87.6% ± 20.3% and RV of 1.42 ± 2.80 cm3. With increasing ZPS grade, strongly significant decreasing trends for GTR (I, 92%; II, 77%; III, 67%; IV, 15%; p < 0.001) and EOR (I, 93.8%; II, 89.9%; III, 88.1%; IV, 75.4%; p < 0.001) were found. Similarly, RV increased steadily ([cm3] I, 0.16; II, 0.61; III, 2.01; IV, 3.84; p < 0.001). We observed intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.837 (95% CI, 0.804-0.865) for intercarotid distance and 0.964 (95% CI, 0.956-0.970) for adenoma diameter, and Cohen's kappa of 0.972 (95% CI, 0.952-0.992) for the ZPS grades.
CONCLUSIONS:

Application of the ZPS in three external cohorts was successful. The ZPS generalized well in terms of GTR, EOR, and RV; demonstrated excellent inter-rater agreement; and can safely and effectively be applied as a quantitative classification of adenomas with relevance to surgical outcome.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Recently, the Zurich Pituitary Score (ZPS) has been proposed as a new quantitative preoperative classification scheme for predicting gross total resection (GTR), extent of resection (EOR), and residual tumor volume (RV) in endoscopic pituitary surgery. We evaluated the external validity of the ZPS.
METHODS:

In three reference centers for pituitary surgery, the ZPS was applied and correlated to GTR, EOR, and RV. Furthermore, its inter-rater agreement was assessed.
RESULTS:

A total of 485 patients (53% male; age, 53.8 ± 15.7) were included. ZPS grades I, II, III, and IV were observed in 110 (23%), 270 (56%), 64 (13%), and 41 (8%) patients, respectively. GTR was achieved in 358 (74%) cases, with mean EOR of 87.6% ± 20.3% and RV of 1.42 ± 2.80 cm3. With increasing ZPS grade, strongly significant decreasing trends for GTR (I, 92%; II, 77%; III, 67%; IV, 15%; p < 0.001) and EOR (I, 93.8%; II, 89.9%; III, 88.1%; IV, 75.4%; p < 0.001) were found. Similarly, RV increased steadily ([cm3] I, 0.16; II, 0.61; III, 2.01; IV, 3.84; p < 0.001). We observed intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.837 (95% CI, 0.804-0.865) for intercarotid distance and 0.964 (95% CI, 0.956-0.970) for adenoma diameter, and Cohen's kappa of 0.972 (95% CI, 0.952-0.992) for the ZPS grades.
CONCLUSIONS:

Application of the ZPS in three external cohorts was successful. The ZPS generalized well in terms of GTR, EOR, and RV; demonstrated excellent inter-rater agreement; and can safely and effectively be applied as a quantitative classification of adenomas with relevance to surgical outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Language:English
Date:June 2020
Deposited On:08 May 2020 09:41
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 15:08
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0001-6268
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00701-020-04286-w
PubMed ID:32172439

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