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Revisiting the Radiosynthesis of [18F]FPEB and Preliminary PET Imaging in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease


Varlow, Cassis; Murrell, Emily; Holland, Jason P; Kassenbrock, Alina; Shannon, Whitney; Liang, Steven H; Vasdev, Neil; Stephenson, Nickeisha A (2020). Revisiting the Radiosynthesis of [18F]FPEB and Preliminary PET Imaging in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease. Molecules, 25(4):982.

Abstract

[18F]FPEB is a positron emission tomography (PET) radiopharmaceutical used for imaging the abundance and distribution of mGluR5 in the central nervous system (CNS). Efficient radiolabeling of the aromatic ring of [18F]FPEB has been an ongoing challenge. Herein, five metal-free precursors for the radiofluorination of [18F]FPEB were compared, namely, a chloro-, nitro-, sulfonium salt, and two spirocyclic iodonium ylide (SCIDY) precursors bearing a cyclopentyl (SPI5) and a new adamantyl (SPIAd) auxiliary. The chloro- and nitro-precursors resulted in a low radiochemical yield (<10% RCY), whereas both SCIDY precursors and the sulfonium salt precursor produced [18F]FPEB in the highest RCYs of 25% and 36%, respectively. Preliminary PET/CT imaging studies with [18F]FPEB were conducted in a transgenic model of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) using B6C3-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/J (APP/PS1) mice, and data were compared with age-matched wild-type (WT) B6C3F1/J control mice. In APP/PS1 mice, whole brain distribution at 5 min post-injection showed a slightly higher uptake (SUV = 4.8 ± 0.4) than in age-matched controls (SUV = 4.0 ± 0.2). Further studies to explore mGluR5 as an early biomarker for AD are underway.

Abstract

[18F]FPEB is a positron emission tomography (PET) radiopharmaceutical used for imaging the abundance and distribution of mGluR5 in the central nervous system (CNS). Efficient radiolabeling of the aromatic ring of [18F]FPEB has been an ongoing challenge. Herein, five metal-free precursors for the radiofluorination of [18F]FPEB were compared, namely, a chloro-, nitro-, sulfonium salt, and two spirocyclic iodonium ylide (SCIDY) precursors bearing a cyclopentyl (SPI5) and a new adamantyl (SPIAd) auxiliary. The chloro- and nitro-precursors resulted in a low radiochemical yield (<10% RCY), whereas both SCIDY precursors and the sulfonium salt precursor produced [18F]FPEB in the highest RCYs of 25% and 36%, respectively. Preliminary PET/CT imaging studies with [18F]FPEB were conducted in a transgenic model of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) using B6C3-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/J (APP/PS1) mice, and data were compared with age-matched wild-type (WT) B6C3F1/J control mice. In APP/PS1 mice, whole brain distribution at 5 min post-injection showed a slightly higher uptake (SUV = 4.8 ± 0.4) than in age-matched controls (SUV = 4.0 ± 0.2). Further studies to explore mGluR5 as an early biomarker for AD are underway.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Analytical Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Chemistry (miscellaneous)
Life Sciences > Molecular Medicine
Life Sciences > Pharmaceutical Science
Life Sciences > Drug Discovery
Physical Sciences > Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Organic Chemistry
Language:English
Date:22 February 2020
Deposited On:08 May 2020 14:04
Last Modified:20 May 2020 20:50
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:1420-3049
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25040982
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDPP00P2_163683
  • : Project TitleAdvanced radiochemical methods for multi-modal imaging with nanomedicines
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDPP00P2_190093
  • : Project TitleRadiochemistry in a Flash: Advanced methods for the synthesis of multi-modal imaging agents
  • : FunderH2020
  • : Grant ID676904
  • : Project TitleDeveloping multi-modality nanomedicines for targeted annotation of oncogenic signaling pathways

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