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Intersexuality (khunthā): The Third Gender in Islamic and German Legal Conceptions


Öztürk-Pinar, Selma (2020). Intersexuality (khunthā): The Third Gender in Islamic and German Legal Conceptions. Electronic Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law (EJIMEL), 8(1):86-95.

Abstract

Intersexuality becomes more and more important for the world population. People born with both biological sexes – male and female – need more attention in their daily life. Some of them decide to undergo a sexual reassignment surgery, others decide to live in their body with both genders. There are many obstacles preventing them from being fully accepted by the society they live in. On the one hand the social difficulties are crucial, on the other hand the medical side of this problem is also very problematic, because the probability of choosing the ‘wrong’ gender is very high. The consequences are often irreversible. Many countries, like Germany, have started to regulate intersexuality in their laws. Even in religious debates, like in the Islamic law, intersexuality is widely discussed. In this paper intersexuality is explained from the medical side, the religious Islamic side and lastly from the legal side as far as German law is concerned.

Abstract

Intersexuality becomes more and more important for the world population. People born with both biological sexes – male and female – need more attention in their daily life. Some of them decide to undergo a sexual reassignment surgery, others decide to live in their body with both genders. There are many obstacles preventing them from being fully accepted by the society they live in. On the one hand the social difficulties are crucial, on the other hand the medical side of this problem is also very problematic, because the probability of choosing the ‘wrong’ gender is very high. The consequences are often irreversible. Many countries, like Germany, have started to regulate intersexuality in their laws. Even in religious debates, like in the Islamic law, intersexuality is widely discussed. In this paper intersexuality is explained from the medical side, the religious Islamic side and lastly from the legal side as far as German law is concerned.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:Journals > Electronic Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law (EJIMEL) > Archive > 8/2020 > Articles
Dewey Decimal Classification:340 Law
Language:English
Date:2020
Deposited On:13 May 2020 16:35
Last Modified:27 Oct 2021 12:09
Publisher:Center for Islamic and Middle Eastern Legal Studies (CIMELS), University of Zurich
ISSN:1664-5707
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:https://www.ejimel.uzh.ch
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/186936/
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)