Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

From a perpetrator’s perspective: international election observers and post-electoral violence


Smidt, Hannah (2016). From a perpetrator’s perspective: international election observers and post-electoral violence. Journal of Peace Research, 53(2):226-241.

Abstract

United Nations peacekeeping operations (UN PKOs) increasingly engage with local communities to support peace processes in war-torn countries. Yet, while existing research tends to focus on the coercive and state-building functions of UN PKOs, their concrete local activities with community leaders and populations remain, empirically and theoretically, understudied. Thus, this study investigates how peacekeepers’ community-based intergroup dialogue activities influence communal violence. It argues that facilitating dialogue between different communal identity-based groups locally can revive intergroup coordination and diminish negative biases against other groups, thereby reducing the risk of communal conflict escalation. This argument is tested using a novel data set of intergroup dialogue activities organized by the UN PKO in Côte d’Ivoire across 107 departments from October 2011 to May 2016. Bivariate probit and matching address the nonrandom assignment of these interventions. The analyses provide robust evidence that the UN PKO mitigated communal violence by organizing intergroup dialogues.

Abstract

United Nations peacekeeping operations (UN PKOs) increasingly engage with local communities to support peace processes in war-torn countries. Yet, while existing research tends to focus on the coercive and state-building functions of UN PKOs, their concrete local activities with community leaders and populations remain, empirically and theoretically, understudied. Thus, this study investigates how peacekeepers’ community-based intergroup dialogue activities influence communal violence. It argues that facilitating dialogue between different communal identity-based groups locally can revive intergroup coordination and diminish negative biases against other groups, thereby reducing the risk of communal conflict escalation. This argument is tested using a novel data set of intergroup dialogue activities organized by the UN PKO in Côte d’Ivoire across 107 departments from October 2011 to May 2016. Bivariate probit and matching address the nonrandom assignment of these interventions. The analyses provide robust evidence that the UN PKO mitigated communal violence by organizing intergroup dialogues.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
9 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 20 May 2020
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Social Sciences & Humanities > Safety Research
Social Sciences & Humanities > Political Science and International Relations
Uncontrolled Keywords:disaggregated analysis, government, international election observation, opposition, post-electoral violence
Language:English
Date:March 2016
Deposited On:20 May 2020 11:13
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 03:52
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0022-3433
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343315626240

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members