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Multiparametric imaging reveals that mitochondria-rich intercalated cells in the kidney collecting duct have a very high glycolytic capacity


Ghazi, Susan; Bourgeois, Soline; Gomariz, Alvaro; Bugarski, Milica; Haenni, Dominik; Martins, Joana R; Nombela-Arrieta, César; Unwin, Robert J; Wagner, Carsten A; Hall, Andrew M; Craigie, Eilidh (2020). Multiparametric imaging reveals that mitochondria-rich intercalated cells in the kidney collecting duct have a very high glycolytic capacity. FASEB Journal, 34(6):8510-8525.

Abstract

Alpha intercalated cells (αICs) in the kidney collecting duct (CD) belong to a family of mitochondria rich cells (MRCs) and have a crucial role in acidifying the urine via apical V-ATPase pumps. The nature of metabolism in αICs and its relationship to transport was not well-understood. Here, using multiphoton live cell imaging in mouse kidney tissue, FIB-SEM, and other complementary techniques, we provide new insights into mitochondrial structure and function in αICs. We show that αIC mitochondria have a rounded structure and are not located in close proximity to V-ATPase containing vesicles. They display a bright NAD(P)H fluorescence signal and low uptake of voltage-dependent dyes, but are energized by a pH gradient. However, expression of complex V (ATP synthase) is relatively low in αICs, even when stimulated by metabolic acidosis. In contrast, anaerobic glycolytic capacity is surprisingly high, and sufficient to maintain intracellular calcium homeostasis in the presence of complete aerobic inhibition. Moreover, glycolysis is essential for V-ATPase-mediated proton pumping. Key findings were replicated in narrow/clear cells in the epididymis, also part of the MRC family. In summary, using a range of cutting-edge techniques to investigate αIC metabolism in situ, we have discovered that these mitochondria dense cells have a high glycolytic capacity.

Abstract

Alpha intercalated cells (αICs) in the kidney collecting duct (CD) belong to a family of mitochondria rich cells (MRCs) and have a crucial role in acidifying the urine via apical V-ATPase pumps. The nature of metabolism in αICs and its relationship to transport was not well-understood. Here, using multiphoton live cell imaging in mouse kidney tissue, FIB-SEM, and other complementary techniques, we provide new insights into mitochondrial structure and function in αICs. We show that αIC mitochondria have a rounded structure and are not located in close proximity to V-ATPase containing vesicles. They display a bright NAD(P)H fluorescence signal and low uptake of voltage-dependent dyes, but are energized by a pH gradient. However, expression of complex V (ATP synthase) is relatively low in αICs, even when stimulated by metabolic acidosis. In contrast, anaerobic glycolytic capacity is surprisingly high, and sufficient to maintain intracellular calcium homeostasis in the presence of complete aerobic inhibition. Moreover, glycolysis is essential for V-ATPase-mediated proton pumping. Key findings were replicated in narrow/clear cells in the epididymis, also part of the MRC family. In summary, using a range of cutting-edge techniques to investigate αIC metabolism in situ, we have discovered that these mitochondria dense cells have a high glycolytic capacity.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Microscopy and Image Analysis
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology and Hematology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biotechnology
Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Language:English
Date:1 June 2020
Deposited On:02 Jun 2020 15:01
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 15:14
Publisher:Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology
ISSN:0892-6638
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.202000273R
PubMed ID:32367531

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