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Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis Indicates Hemodynamic Compromise in Ischemic Stroke Patients


von Bieberstein, Lita; van Niftrik, Christiaan Hendrik Bas; Sebök, Martina; El Amki, Mohamad; Piccirelli, Marco; Stippich, Christoph; Regli, Luca; Luft, Andreas R; Fierstra, Jorn; Wegener, Susanne (2020). Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis Indicates Hemodynamic Compromise in Ischemic Stroke Patients. Translational Stroke Research:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) in internal carotid artery (ICA) stroke refers to attenuated blood flow and energy metabolism in the contralateral cerebellar hemisphere. CCD is associated with an interruption of cerebro-cerebellar tracts, but the precise mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that in patients with ICA occlusions, CCD might indicate severe hemodynamic impairment in addition to tissue damage. Duplex sonography and clinical data from stroke patients with unilateral ICAO who underwent blood oxygen-level-dependent MRI cerebrovascular reserve (BOLD-CVR) assessment were analysed. The presence of CCD (either CCD+ or CCD-) was inferred from BOLD-CVR. We considered regions with negative BOLD-CVR signal as areas suffering from hemodynamic steal. Twenty-five patients were included (11 CCD+ and 14 CCD-). Stroke deficits on admission and at 3 months were more severe in the CCD+ group. While infarct volumes were similar, CCD+ patients had markedly larger BOLD steal volumes than CCD- patients (median [IQR] 122.2 [111] vs. 11.6 [50.6] ml; p < 0.001). Furthermore, duplex revealed higher peak-systolic flow velocities in the intracranial collateral pathways. Strikingly, posterior cerebral artery (PCA)-P2 velocities strongly correlated with the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale on admission and BOLD-CVR steal volume. In patients with strokes due to ICAO, the presence of CCD indicated hemodynamic impairment with larger BOLD-defined steal volume and higher flow in the ACA/PCA collateral system. Our data support the concept of a vascular component of CCD as an indicator of hemodynamic failure in patients with ICAO.

Abstract

Crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) in internal carotid artery (ICA) stroke refers to attenuated blood flow and energy metabolism in the contralateral cerebellar hemisphere. CCD is associated with an interruption of cerebro-cerebellar tracts, but the precise mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that in patients with ICA occlusions, CCD might indicate severe hemodynamic impairment in addition to tissue damage. Duplex sonography and clinical data from stroke patients with unilateral ICAO who underwent blood oxygen-level-dependent MRI cerebrovascular reserve (BOLD-CVR) assessment were analysed. The presence of CCD (either CCD+ or CCD-) was inferred from BOLD-CVR. We considered regions with negative BOLD-CVR signal as areas suffering from hemodynamic steal. Twenty-five patients were included (11 CCD+ and 14 CCD-). Stroke deficits on admission and at 3 months were more severe in the CCD+ group. While infarct volumes were similar, CCD+ patients had markedly larger BOLD steal volumes than CCD- patients (median [IQR] 122.2 [111] vs. 11.6 [50.6] ml; p < 0.001). Furthermore, duplex revealed higher peak-systolic flow velocities in the intracranial collateral pathways. Strikingly, posterior cerebral artery (PCA)-P2 velocities strongly correlated with the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale on admission and BOLD-CVR steal volume. In patients with strokes due to ICAO, the presence of CCD indicated hemodynamic impairment with larger BOLD-defined steal volume and higher flow in the ACA/PCA collateral system. Our data support the concept of a vascular component of CCD as an indicator of hemodynamic failure in patients with ICAO.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Neuroscience
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:6 June 2020
Deposited On:16 Jun 2020 11:26
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 15:18
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1868-4483
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12975-020-00821-0
PubMed ID:32506367

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