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Viral depletion of calcitonin receptors in the area postrema: A proof-of-concept study


Coester, Bernd; Foll, Christelle Le; Lutz, Thomas A (2020). Viral depletion of calcitonin receptors in the area postrema: A proof-of-concept study. Physiology and Behavior, 223:112992.

Abstract

The area postrema (AP), located in the caudal hindbrain, is one of the primary binding sites for the endocrine satiation hormone amylin. Amylin is co-secreted with insulin from pancreatic ß-cells and binds to heterodimeric receptors that consist of a calcitonin core receptor (CTR) paired with receptor-activity modifying protein (RAMP) 1 or 3. In this study, we aim to validate a CTR-floxed (CTRfl/fl) mouse model for the functional and site-specific depletion of amylin/CTR signaling in the AP and the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). CTRfl/fl mice were injected in the NTS with adeno-associated virus (AAV) containing a green fluorescent protein tag (GFP) and Cre recombinase to create a locally restricted knockout of CTR in the caudal hindbrain. KO mice showed a lack of c-Fos expression, a marker for neuronal activation, in AP, NTS and LPBN after amylin injection. The effect of amylin and salmon calcitonin (sCT), an amylin receptor agonist, on food intake was blunted in KO mice, confirming a functional reduction of amylin signaling in the hindbrain.

Abstract

The area postrema (AP), located in the caudal hindbrain, is one of the primary binding sites for the endocrine satiation hormone amylin. Amylin is co-secreted with insulin from pancreatic ß-cells and binds to heterodimeric receptors that consist of a calcitonin core receptor (CTR) paired with receptor-activity modifying protein (RAMP) 1 or 3. In this study, we aim to validate a CTR-floxed (CTRfl/fl) mouse model for the functional and site-specific depletion of amylin/CTR signaling in the AP and the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). CTRfl/fl mice were injected in the NTS with adeno-associated virus (AAV) containing a green fluorescent protein tag (GFP) and Cre recombinase to create a locally restricted knockout of CTR in the caudal hindbrain. KO mice showed a lack of c-Fos expression, a marker for neuronal activation, in AP, NTS and LPBN after amylin injection. The effect of amylin and salmon calcitonin (sCT), an amylin receptor agonist, on food intake was blunted in KO mice, confirming a functional reduction of amylin signaling in the hindbrain.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience
Language:English
Date:1 September 2020
Deposited On:17 Jun 2020 14:54
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 15:18
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0031-9384
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.112992
PubMed ID:32497530
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNF
  • : Grant ID31003A-175458
  • : Project Title

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