To assess whether the combination of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) data affects the grading of aortic stenosis (AS) severity under consideration of the energy loss index (ELI) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).
METHODS AND RESULTS
Multimodality imaging was performed in 197 patients with symptomatic severe AS undergoing TAVR at the University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland. Fusion aortic valve area index (fusion AVAi) assessed by integrating MDCT derived planimetric left ventricular outflow tract area into the continuity equation was significantly larger as compared to conventional AVAi (0.41 ± 0.1 vs. 0.51 ± 0.1 cm2/m2; P < 0.01). A total of 62 patients (31.4%) were reclassified from severe to moderate AS with fusion AVAi being >0.6 cm2/m2. ELI was obtained for conventional AVAi and fusion AVAi based on sinotubular junction area determined by TTE (ELILTL 0.47 ± 0.1 cm2/m2; fusion ELILTL 0.60 ± 0.1 cm2/m2) and MDCT (ELIMDCT 0.48 ± 0.1 cm2/m2; fusion ELIMDCT 0.61 ± 0.05 cm2/m2). When ELI was calculated with fusion AVAi the effective orifice area was >0.6 cm2/m2 in 85 patients (43.1%). Survival rate 3 years after TAVR was higher in patients reclassified to moderate AS according to multimodality imaging derived ELI (78.8% vs. 67%; P = 0.01).
Multimodality imaging derived ELI reclassifies AS severity in 43% undergoing TAVR and predicts mid-term outcome.