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Structure-Guided Design of a Peptide Lock for Modular Peptide Binders


Ernst, Patrick; Zosel, Franziska; Reichen, Christian; Nettels, Daniel; Schuler, Benjamin; Plückthun, Andreas (2020). Structure-Guided Design of a Peptide Lock for Modular Peptide Binders. ACS Chemical Biology, 15(2):457-468.

Abstract

Peptides play an important role in intermolecular interactions and are frequent analytes in diagnostic assays, also as unstructured, linear epitopes in whole proteins. Yet, due to the many different sequence possibilities even for short peptides, classical selection of binding proteins from a library, one at a time, is not scalable to proteomes. However, moving away from selection to a rational assembly of preselected modules binding to predefined linear epitopes would split the problem into smaller parts. These modules could then be reassembled in any desired order to bind to, in principle, arbitrary sequences, thereby circumventing any new rounds of selection. Designed Armadillo repeat proteins (dArmRPs) are modular, and they do bind elongated peptides in a modular way. Their consensus sequence carries pockets that prefer arginine and lysine. In our quest to select pockets for all amino acid side chains, we had discovered that repetitive sequences can lead to register shifts and peptide flipping during selections from libraries, hindering the selection of new binding specificities. To solve this problem, we now created an orthogonal binding specificity by a combination of grafting from β-catenin, computational design and mutual optimization of the pocket and the bound peptide. We have confirmed the design and the desired interactions by X-ray structure determination. Furthermore, we could confirm the absence of sliding in solution by a single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer. The new pocket could be moved from the N-terminus of the protein to the middle, retaining its properties, further underlining the modularity of the system.

Abstract

Peptides play an important role in intermolecular interactions and are frequent analytes in diagnostic assays, also as unstructured, linear epitopes in whole proteins. Yet, due to the many different sequence possibilities even for short peptides, classical selection of binding proteins from a library, one at a time, is not scalable to proteomes. However, moving away from selection to a rational assembly of preselected modules binding to predefined linear epitopes would split the problem into smaller parts. These modules could then be reassembled in any desired order to bind to, in principle, arbitrary sequences, thereby circumventing any new rounds of selection. Designed Armadillo repeat proteins (dArmRPs) are modular, and they do bind elongated peptides in a modular way. Their consensus sequence carries pockets that prefer arginine and lysine. In our quest to select pockets for all amino acid side chains, we had discovered that repetitive sequences can lead to register shifts and peptide flipping during selections from libraries, hindering the selection of new binding specificities. To solve this problem, we now created an orthogonal binding specificity by a combination of grafting from β-catenin, computational design and mutual optimization of the pocket and the bound peptide. We have confirmed the design and the desired interactions by X-ray structure determination. Furthermore, we could confirm the absence of sliding in solution by a single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer. The new pocket could be moved from the N-terminus of the protein to the middle, retaining its properties, further underlining the modularity of the system.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Molecular Medicine
Language:English
Date:21 February 2020
Deposited On:13 Jul 2020 12:49
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 15:26
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:1554-8929
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.9b00928
PubMed ID:31985201

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Content: Accepted Version
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Embargo till: 2021-03-01
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF (Supplementary Material) - Registered users only until 1 March 2021
Size: 2MB
Embargo till: 2021-03-01