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HNF1β is a sensitive and specific novel marker for yolk sac tumor: a tissue microarray analysis of 601 testicular germ cell tumors


Gallo, Alessandra; Fankhauser, Christian; Hermanns, Thomas; Beyer, Jörg; Christiansen, Ailsa; Moch, Holger; Bode, Peter Karl (2020). HNF1β is a sensitive and specific novel marker for yolk sac tumor: a tissue microarray analysis of 601 testicular germ cell tumors. Modern Pathology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1 beta (HNF1β) is a transcription factor which plays an important role during early organogenesis, especially of the pancreato-biliary and urogenital tract. Furthermore, HNF1β is an established marker in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cancer and shows a distinct nuclear expression in the clear cell carcinoma subtype. Recently, it has been described in yolk sac tumor, which represents a common component in many non-seminomatous germ cell tumors. Due to its broad histologic diversity, the diagnosis may be challenging and additional tools are very helpful in the workup of germ cell tumors. Immunohistochemistry was used to study HNF1β expression in a tissue microarray (TMA) of 601 testicular germ cell tumors including seminoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, teratoma, germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS), and normal tissue. The expression pattern was compared to glypican 3 (GPC3) and α-fetoprotein (AFP), two markers currently in use for the detection of yolk sac tumor. HNF1β showed a distinct nuclear staining in comparison to the cytoplasmic pattern of GPC3 and AFP. The sensitivity and specificity of HNF1β were 85.4% and 96.5%, of GPC3 83.3% and 90.7%, of AFP 62.5% and 97.7%. We conclude that HNF1β allows a reliable distinction of yolk sac tumor from other germ cell tumor components. Therefore, we propose HNF1β as a novel and robust marker in the immunohistochemical workup of testicular germ cell tumors.

Abstract

Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1 beta (HNF1β) is a transcription factor which plays an important role during early organogenesis, especially of the pancreato-biliary and urogenital tract. Furthermore, HNF1β is an established marker in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cancer and shows a distinct nuclear expression in the clear cell carcinoma subtype. Recently, it has been described in yolk sac tumor, which represents a common component in many non-seminomatous germ cell tumors. Due to its broad histologic diversity, the diagnosis may be challenging and additional tools are very helpful in the workup of germ cell tumors. Immunohistochemistry was used to study HNF1β expression in a tissue microarray (TMA) of 601 testicular germ cell tumors including seminoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma, teratoma, germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS), and normal tissue. The expression pattern was compared to glypican 3 (GPC3) and α-fetoprotein (AFP), two markers currently in use for the detection of yolk sac tumor. HNF1β showed a distinct nuclear staining in comparison to the cytoplasmic pattern of GPC3 and AFP. The sensitivity and specificity of HNF1β were 85.4% and 96.5%, of GPC3 83.3% and 90.7%, of AFP 62.5% and 97.7%. We conclude that HNF1β allows a reliable distinction of yolk sac tumor from other germ cell tumor components. Therefore, we propose HNF1β as a novel and robust marker in the immunohistochemical workup of testicular germ cell tumors.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Language:English
Date:19 June 2020
Deposited On:21 Jul 2020 05:32
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 15:28
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0893-3952
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41379-020-0597-x
PubMed ID:32561848

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