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Diabetic remission in a cat treated with an implantable pump to deliver insulin


Crinò, Chiara; Iavazzo, Francesca; Ferri, Filippo; Coppola, Luigi M; Salesov, Elena; Lutz, Thomas A; Reusch, Claudia E; Zini, Eric (2020). Diabetic remission in a cat treated with an implantable pump to deliver insulin. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 61(1):30-34.

Abstract

A diabetic cat was referred because of poor metabolic control and difficulties the owner experienced injecting insulin. A pump, telemetrically controlled with a smartphone, was implanted subcutaneously to deliver insulin. Before implantation, the pump reservoir was filled with a rapid-acting human recombinant insulin. The insulin was administered through continuous infusion or periodic boluses over 2 weeks while the cat was hospitalized and over another 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital. Adjustments of insulin dosage were performed based on blood glucose concentrations measured with a continuous blood monitoring system (CGMS). The cat achieved diabetic remission that is still lasting after 1 year. The treatment protocol adopted in this cat contributed to achieving remission. The owner's unwillingness to inject insulin into an uncooperative cat was circumvented with the implantable pump. Key clinical message: The implantable subcutaneous pump, telemetrically controlled by a smartphone, easily allowed the clinician to modify the type of administration and the amount of insulin delivered; the concurrent use of a CGMS allowed detection of sudden changes in blood glucose while limiting stress to the cat.

Abstract

A diabetic cat was referred because of poor metabolic control and difficulties the owner experienced injecting insulin. A pump, telemetrically controlled with a smartphone, was implanted subcutaneously to deliver insulin. Before implantation, the pump reservoir was filled with a rapid-acting human recombinant insulin. The insulin was administered through continuous infusion or periodic boluses over 2 weeks while the cat was hospitalized and over another 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital. Adjustments of insulin dosage were performed based on blood glucose concentrations measured with a continuous blood monitoring system (CGMS). The cat achieved diabetic remission that is still lasting after 1 year. The treatment protocol adopted in this cat contributed to achieving remission. The owner's unwillingness to inject insulin into an uncooperative cat was circumvented with the implantable pump. Key clinical message: The implantable subcutaneous pump, telemetrically controlled by a smartphone, easily allowed the clinician to modify the type of administration and the amount of insulin delivered; the concurrent use of a CGMS allowed detection of sudden changes in blood glucose while limiting stress to the cat.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Language:English
Date:January 2020
Deposited On:22 Jul 2020 15:39
Last Modified:23 Jul 2020 20:00
Publisher:Canadian Veterinary Medical Association
ISSN:0008-5286
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
PubMed ID:31892750

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