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Crop separability from individual and combined airborne imaging spectroscopy and UAV multispectral data


Böhler, Jonas E; Schaepman, Michael E; Kneubühler, Mathias (2020). Crop separability from individual and combined airborne imaging spectroscopy and UAV multispectral data. Remote Sensing, 12(8):1256.

Abstract

Crop species separation is essential for a wide range of agricultural applications—in particular, when seasonal information is needed. In general, remote sensing can provide such information with high accuracy, but in small structured agricultural areas, very high spatial resolution data (VHR) are required. We present a study involving spectral and textural features derived from near-infrared (NIR) Red Green Blue (NIR-RGB) band datasets, acquired using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and an imaging spectroscopy (IS) dataset acquired by the Airborne Prism EXperiment (APEX). Both the single usage and combination of these datasets were analyzed using a random forest-based method for crop separability. In addition, different band reduction methods based on feature factor loading were analyzed. The most accurate crop separation results were achieved using both the IS dataset and the two combined datasets with an average accuracy (AA) of >92%. In addition, we conclude that, in the case of a reduced number of IS features (i.e., wavelengths), the accuracy can be compensated by using additional NIR-RGB texture features (AA > 90%).

Abstract

Crop species separation is essential for a wide range of agricultural applications—in particular, when seasonal information is needed. In general, remote sensing can provide such information with high accuracy, but in small structured agricultural areas, very high spatial resolution data (VHR) are required. We present a study involving spectral and textural features derived from near-infrared (NIR) Red Green Blue (NIR-RGB) band datasets, acquired using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and an imaging spectroscopy (IS) dataset acquired by the Airborne Prism EXperiment (APEX). Both the single usage and combination of these datasets were analyzed using a random forest-based method for crop separability. In addition, different band reduction methods based on feature factor loading were analyzed. The most accurate crop separation results were achieved using both the IS dataset and the two combined datasets with an average accuracy (AA) of >92%. In addition, we conclude that, in the case of a reduced number of IS features (i.e., wavelengths), the accuracy can be compensated by using additional NIR-RGB texture features (AA > 90%).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Language:English
Date:16 April 2020
Deposited On:30 Jul 2020 13:52
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 20:00
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2072-4292
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12081256

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