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The ‘war on charcoal’ and its paradoxes for Tanzania's conservation and development


Mabele, Mathew Bukhi (2020). The ‘war on charcoal’ and its paradoxes for Tanzania's conservation and development. Energy Policy, 145:111751.

Abstract

Charcoal production in the miombo woodlands has motivated policy debates over the years in central, eastern and southern Africa. Forestry ideals with colonial origins downplay the value of charcoal production and other local uses of forest resources, while current policy largely condemns the environmental effects of charcoal production. Current policies create a paradox whereby the government bans charcoal while earning revenues from it. At the same time, NGO-led initiatives promise sustainable charcoal production. This paper analyses the current policy measures, showing that they are simplified responses to the complex interplay between economic development, charcoal use and miombo woodlands. The paper argues that a holistic context that includes sus-tainable management of the miombo, and consideration of the livelihoods of its residents, offers a richer perspective than do simplified state responses that ultimately create unsustainable and paradoxical policies. Policies that combine concerns for both woodland conservation and economic development would not only allow but enable and promote sustainable charcoal production.

Abstract

Charcoal production in the miombo woodlands has motivated policy debates over the years in central, eastern and southern Africa. Forestry ideals with colonial origins downplay the value of charcoal production and other local uses of forest resources, while current policy largely condemns the environmental effects of charcoal production. Current policies create a paradox whereby the government bans charcoal while earning revenues from it. At the same time, NGO-led initiatives promise sustainable charcoal production. This paper analyses the current policy measures, showing that they are simplified responses to the complex interplay between economic development, charcoal use and miombo woodlands. The paper argues that a holistic context that includes sus-tainable management of the miombo, and consideration of the livelihoods of its residents, offers a richer perspective than do simplified state responses that ultimately create unsustainable and paradoxical policies. Policies that combine concerns for both woodland conservation and economic development would not only allow but enable and promote sustainable charcoal production.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Energy
Physical Sciences > Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Energy, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Language:English
Date:1 October 2020
Deposited On:04 Aug 2020 08:15
Last Modified:23 Jun 2024 01:41
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0301-4215
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111751