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Pairing obstructions in topological superconductors


Schindler, Frank; Bradlyn, Barry; Fischer, Mark H; Neupert, Titus (2020). Pairing obstructions in topological superconductors. Physical Review Letters, 124(24):247001.

Abstract

The modern understanding of topological insulators is based on Wannier obstructions in position space. Motivated by this insight, we study topological superconductors from a position-space perspective. For a one-dimensional superconductor, we show that the wave function of an individual Cooper pair decays exponentially with separation in the trivial phase and polynomially in the topological phase. For the position-space Majorana representation, we show that the topological phase is characterized by a nonzero Majorana polarization, which captures an irremovable and quantized separation of Majorana Wannier centers from the atomic positions. We apply our results to diagnose second-order topological superconducting phases in two dimensions. Our work establishes a vantage point for the generalization of topological quantum chemistry to superconductivity.

Abstract

The modern understanding of topological insulators is based on Wannier obstructions in position space. Motivated by this insight, we study topological superconductors from a position-space perspective. For a one-dimensional superconductor, we show that the wave function of an individual Cooper pair decays exponentially with separation in the trivial phase and polynomially in the topological phase. For the position-space Majorana representation, we show that the topological phase is characterized by a nonzero Majorana polarization, which captures an irremovable and quantized separation of Majorana Wannier centers from the atomic positions. We apply our results to diagnose second-order topological superconducting phases in two dimensions. Our work establishes a vantage point for the generalization of topological quantum chemistry to superconductivity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Physics and Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Physics and Astronomy
Language:English
Date:15 June 2020
Deposited On:05 Aug 2020 15:45
Last Modified:08 Aug 2020 16:56
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.124.247001
PubMed ID:32639809
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID200021_169061
  • : Project TitleAnyons in topological matter: From axiomatic field theory to advanced materials

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