Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Tofacitinib, an oral janus kinase inhibitor: analysis of malignancy (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) events across the ulcerative colitis clinical program


Lichtenstein, Gary R; Rogler, Gerhard; Ciorba, Matthew A; Su, Chinyu; Chan, Gary; Pedersen, Ronald D; Lawendy, Nervin; Quirk, Daniel; Nduaka, Chudy I; Thorpe, Andrew J; Panés, Julian (2020). Tofacitinib, an oral janus kinase inhibitor: analysis of malignancy (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) events across the ulcerative colitis clinical program. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tofacitinib is an oral, small molecule Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Here, we performed an integrated analysis of malignancy events from the tofacitinib phase 3 UC clinical development program (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer [NMSC]).
METHODS: Data (up to May 2019) were pooled from two phase 3 induction studies, a phase 3 maintenance study, and an ongoing, open-label, long-term extension (OLE) study, and analyzed as 3 cohorts: induction (N = 1139), maintenance (N = 592), and overall (induction, maintenance, and ongoing OLE study; N = 1124). Proportions and incidence rates (IRs; unique patients with events per 100 patient-years [PY] of exposure) for malignancies confirmed by adjudication were calculated.
RESULTS: The overall cohort consisted of patients who received at least 1 dose of tofacitinib at 5 or 10 mg twice daily, for up to 6.8 years, with an exposure of 2576.4 PY. Of the 1124 overall cohort tofacitinib-treated patients, 20 developed a malignancy (excluding NMSC; IR, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.46-1.16), of which 17 occurred in patients treated with tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily; importantly, more than 80% of patients predominantly received this dose. Furthermore, there was no apparent clustering of malignancy types, and IRs were stable over time.
CONCLUSIONS: In the tofacitinib UC clinical development program, malignancy events were infrequent, and rates were comparable with those in the tofacitinib rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis clinical development programs, and for biologic UC treatments. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01465763, NCT01458951, NCT01458574, and NCT01470612.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tofacitinib is an oral, small molecule Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Here, we performed an integrated analysis of malignancy events from the tofacitinib phase 3 UC clinical development program (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer [NMSC]).
METHODS: Data (up to May 2019) were pooled from two phase 3 induction studies, a phase 3 maintenance study, and an ongoing, open-label, long-term extension (OLE) study, and analyzed as 3 cohorts: induction (N = 1139), maintenance (N = 592), and overall (induction, maintenance, and ongoing OLE study; N = 1124). Proportions and incidence rates (IRs; unique patients with events per 100 patient-years [PY] of exposure) for malignancies confirmed by adjudication were calculated.
RESULTS: The overall cohort consisted of patients who received at least 1 dose of tofacitinib at 5 or 10 mg twice daily, for up to 6.8 years, with an exposure of 2576.4 PY. Of the 1124 overall cohort tofacitinib-treated patients, 20 developed a malignancy (excluding NMSC; IR, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.46-1.16), of which 17 occurred in patients treated with tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily; importantly, more than 80% of patients predominantly received this dose. Furthermore, there was no apparent clustering of malignancy types, and IRs were stable over time.
CONCLUSIONS: In the tofacitinib UC clinical development program, malignancy events were infrequent, and rates were comparable with those in the tofacitinib rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis clinical development programs, and for biologic UC treatments. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01465763, NCT01458951, NCT01458574, and NCT01470612.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:7 August 2020
Deposited On:29 Oct 2020 17:10
Last Modified:29 Oct 2020 17:11
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1078-0998
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izaa199
PubMed ID:32766762

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library