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Working mechanisms in positive interventions: A study using daily assessment of positive emotions


Gander, Fabian; Proyer, René T; Hentz, Eva; Ruch, Willibald (2020). Working mechanisms in positive interventions: A study using daily assessment of positive emotions. Journal of Positive Psychology, 15(5):633-638.

Abstract

One commonly suggested mechanism in positive psychology interventions (PPIs) involves the elicitation of positive emotions. We examined (1) whether PPIs increase the intensity and variety of positive emotions; (2) which positive emotions are elicited by two different PPIs; and (3) the impact of positive emotions on well-being. In a randomized, controlled one-week intervention study, we compared the ‘three good things’ and the ‘three funny things’ intervention with a placebo control. We assessed the positive and negative emotions reported daily during the intervention, and the well-being and depressive symptoms directly before, after, and one week after the intervention. Results showed higher intensity and variety of positive emotions elicited by the PPIs, and increases in well-being could be explained by the intensity and variety of positive emotions. The study provides a model for how the mechanisms underlying PPIs can be studied and underlines the relevance of positive emotions in PPIs.

Abstract

One commonly suggested mechanism in positive psychology interventions (PPIs) involves the elicitation of positive emotions. We examined (1) whether PPIs increase the intensity and variety of positive emotions; (2) which positive emotions are elicited by two different PPIs; and (3) the impact of positive emotions on well-being. In a randomized, controlled one-week intervention study, we compared the ‘three good things’ and the ‘three funny things’ intervention with a placebo control. We assessed the positive and negative emotions reported daily during the intervention, and the well-being and depressive symptoms directly before, after, and one week after the intervention. Results showed higher intensity and variety of positive emotions elicited by the PPIs, and increases in well-being could be explained by the intensity and variety of positive emotions. The study provides a model for how the mechanisms underlying PPIs can be studied and underlines the relevance of positive emotions in PPIs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > General Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Psychology
Language:English
Date:2 September 2020
Deposited On:03 Sep 2020 12:46
Last Modified:04 Sep 2020 20:01
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1743-9760
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in "Journal of Positive Psychology" on 7.7.2020, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17439760.2020.1789698.
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2020.1789698
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_132512
  • : Project TitlePositive Interventions: Empirical studies on enhancing satisfaction with life
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_149772
  • : Project TitlePositive Interventions: Empirical studies on enhancing satisfaction with life

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Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only until 1 September 2021
Size: 459kB
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Embargo till: 2021-09-01