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Can Playfulness be Stimulated? A Randomised Placebo-Controlled Online Playfulness Intervention Study on Effects on Trait Playfulness, Well-Being, and Depression


Proyer, René T; Gander, Fabian; Brauer, Kay; Chick, Garry (2021). Can Playfulness be Stimulated? A Randomised Placebo-Controlled Online Playfulness Intervention Study on Effects on Trait Playfulness, Well-Being, and Depression. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 13(1):129-151.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: While there are numerous applications of play-based interventions, there is little research on playfulness-based interventions. We applied interventions that aim at stimulating playfulness and test effects on happiness and depressive symptoms.

METHOD: In a randomised placebo-controlled online intervention, N = 533 participants were assigned to one of three 1-week playfulness conditions (i.e. three playful things, using playfulness in a new way, and counting playfulness) or a placebo condition. Participants reported on global playfulness, facets of playfulness, well-being, and depression at pretest, posttest, and at follow-ups after 2, 4, and 12 weeks.

RESULTS: All interventions increased expressions in all facets of playfulness, had short-term effects on well-being, and ameliorated depression.

CONCLUSION: Overall, findings suggest that playfulness can be stimulated by short self-administered interventions.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: While there are numerous applications of play-based interventions, there is little research on playfulness-based interventions. We applied interventions that aim at stimulating playfulness and test effects on happiness and depressive symptoms.

METHOD: In a randomised placebo-controlled online intervention, N = 533 participants were assigned to one of three 1-week playfulness conditions (i.e. three playful things, using playfulness in a new way, and counting playfulness) or a placebo condition. Participants reported on global playfulness, facets of playfulness, well-being, and depression at pretest, posttest, and at follow-ups after 2, 4, and 12 weeks.

RESULTS: All interventions increased expressions in all facets of playfulness, had short-term effects on well-being, and ameliorated depression.

CONCLUSION: Overall, findings suggest that playfulness can be stimulated by short self-administered interventions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Applied Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 February 2021
Deposited On:03 Sep 2020 14:06
Last Modified:09 Feb 2021 02:04
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1758-0854
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12220
PubMed ID:32844597
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_132512
  • : Project TitlePositive Interventions: Empirical studies on enhancing satisfaction with life
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_149772
  • : Project TitlePositive Interventions: Empirical studies on enhancing satisfaction with life

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