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Efficacy of intramuscular hydroxocobalamin supplementation in cats with cobalamin deficiency and gastrointestinal disease


Kook, Peter H; Melliger, Roger H; Hersberger, Martin (2020). Efficacy of intramuscular hydroxocobalamin supplementation in cats with cobalamin deficiency and gastrointestinal disease. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Background
In humans, absorption and tissue retention rates of intramuscularly administered hydroxocobalamin (OH‐Cbl) are superior compared to cyanocobalamin (CN‐Cbl). Supplementation with OH‐Cbl has not been described in cats.
Objectives
To evaluate effects of parenteral OH‐Cbl supplementation on clinical signs, serum Cbl and methylmalonic acid (MMA) concentrations in hypocobalaminemic cats with gastrointestinal disease.
Animals
Twenty‐three client‐owned cats.
Methods
Prospective study. Serum Cbl and MMA concentrations were determined at enrollment (t0), immediately before the 4th OH‐Cbl IM injection (300 μg, given q2 weeks) (t1), and 4 weeks after the 4th injection (t2). Severity of clinical signs (activity, appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, body weight) was graded at each time point and expressed as clinical disease activity score.
Results
Median clinical disease activity score decreased significantly from t0 (6; range, 2‐10) to t1 (1; range, 0‐6) and t2 (1; range, 0‐9). Median serum Cbl concentration increased significantly from 111 pmol/L (range, 111‐218; reference range, 225‐1451 pmol/L) at t0 to 1612 pmol/L (range, 526‐14 756) (P < .001) at t1, and decreased again significantly to 712 pmol/L (range, 205‐4265) (P < .01) at t2. Median baseline serum MMA concentration at t0 (802 nmol/L; range, 238‐151 000; reference range, 120‐420 nmol/L) decreased significantly (P < .001) to 199 nmol/L (range, 29‐478) at t1, and was 205 nmol/L (range, 88‐734) at t2. Serum MMA concentrations normalized in 22/23 cats at t1, and were not significantly higher at t2 compared to t1.
Conclusions and Clinical Importance
The herein described OH‐Cbl injection scheme appears efficacious for normalization of cellular Cbl deficiency in cats with gastrointestinal disease.

Abstract

Background
In humans, absorption and tissue retention rates of intramuscularly administered hydroxocobalamin (OH‐Cbl) are superior compared to cyanocobalamin (CN‐Cbl). Supplementation with OH‐Cbl has not been described in cats.
Objectives
To evaluate effects of parenteral OH‐Cbl supplementation on clinical signs, serum Cbl and methylmalonic acid (MMA) concentrations in hypocobalaminemic cats with gastrointestinal disease.
Animals
Twenty‐three client‐owned cats.
Methods
Prospective study. Serum Cbl and MMA concentrations were determined at enrollment (t0), immediately before the 4th OH‐Cbl IM injection (300 μg, given q2 weeks) (t1), and 4 weeks after the 4th injection (t2). Severity of clinical signs (activity, appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, body weight) was graded at each time point and expressed as clinical disease activity score.
Results
Median clinical disease activity score decreased significantly from t0 (6; range, 2‐10) to t1 (1; range, 0‐6) and t2 (1; range, 0‐9). Median serum Cbl concentration increased significantly from 111 pmol/L (range, 111‐218; reference range, 225‐1451 pmol/L) at t0 to 1612 pmol/L (range, 526‐14 756) (P < .001) at t1, and decreased again significantly to 712 pmol/L (range, 205‐4265) (P < .01) at t2. Median baseline serum MMA concentration at t0 (802 nmol/L; range, 238‐151 000; reference range, 120‐420 nmol/L) decreased significantly (P < .001) to 199 nmol/L (range, 29‐478) at t1, and was 205 nmol/L (range, 88‐734) at t2. Serum MMA concentrations normalized in 22/23 cats at t1, and were not significantly higher at t2 compared to t1.
Conclusions and Clinical Importance
The herein described OH‐Cbl injection scheme appears efficacious for normalization of cellular Cbl deficiency in cats with gastrointestinal disease.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Veterinary
Language:English
Date:20 August 2020
Deposited On:15 Sep 2020 16:12
Last Modified:16 Sep 2020 20:00
Publisher:Wiley Open Access
ISSN:0891-6640
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15865

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