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Treatment Outcomes of 4-Corner Arthrodesis for Patients With Advanced Carpal Collapse: An Average of 4 Years' Follow-Up Comparing 2 Different Plate Types


Reissner, Lisa; Hensler, Stefanie; Kluge, Sebastian; Marks, Miriam; Herren, Daniel B (2018). Treatment Outcomes of 4-Corner Arthrodesis for Patients With Advanced Carpal Collapse: An Average of 4 Years' Follow-Up Comparing 2 Different Plate Types. Journal of Hand Surgery, 43(5):487.e1-487.e6.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The objective was to investigate the clinical and subjective outcomes of patients after 4-corner arthrodesis (FCA) for scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) and to analyze complications. Furthermore, we compared the long-term results of a first-generation nonlocking plate (Spider) and a plate with a locking screw design (Flower plate).

METHODS

In a retrospective cohort study, we included 39 patients with stage II or III SLAC or SNAC who underwent FCA. Twenty wrists were treated with a nonlocking plate and 19 with a locking plate. Patients completed the Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) and the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ). Active range of wrist motion, radiological signs such as impingement, and signs of implant loosening and nonunion, as well as postoperative complications, were assessed.

RESULTS

After a median postoperative follow-up time of 4.1 years, the PRWE score was 18 and the total MHQ score 79. Patient-reported and clinical outcomes were similar for the 2 plate types. Wrists fixed with the nonlocking plate had more dorsal impingements and loosening than wrists fixed with a locking plate. One nonunion was noted in the nonlocking plate group, and a single case of implant failure was seen for each plate type. A total of 5 patients with a nonlocking plate incurred postoperative complications that required further medical treatment.

CONCLUSIONS

FCA for patients with stage II or III SLAC or SNAC yields positive clinical and subjective outcomes. Based on the high complication rate following FCA with a nonlocking plate, we no longer use this implant and recommend fixation with a locking screw plate.

TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

Therapeutic IV.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The objective was to investigate the clinical and subjective outcomes of patients after 4-corner arthrodesis (FCA) for scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) and to analyze complications. Furthermore, we compared the long-term results of a first-generation nonlocking plate (Spider) and a plate with a locking screw design (Flower plate).

METHODS

In a retrospective cohort study, we included 39 patients with stage II or III SLAC or SNAC who underwent FCA. Twenty wrists were treated with a nonlocking plate and 19 with a locking plate. Patients completed the Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) and the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ). Active range of wrist motion, radiological signs such as impingement, and signs of implant loosening and nonunion, as well as postoperative complications, were assessed.

RESULTS

After a median postoperative follow-up time of 4.1 years, the PRWE score was 18 and the total MHQ score 79. Patient-reported and clinical outcomes were similar for the 2 plate types. Wrists fixed with the nonlocking plate had more dorsal impingements and loosening than wrists fixed with a locking plate. One nonunion was noted in the nonlocking plate group, and a single case of implant failure was seen for each plate type. A total of 5 patients with a nonlocking plate incurred postoperative complications that required further medical treatment.

CONCLUSIONS

FCA for patients with stage II or III SLAC or SNAC yields positive clinical and subjective outcomes. Based on the high complication rate following FCA with a nonlocking plate, we no longer use this implant and recommend fixation with a locking screw plate.

TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

Therapeutic IV.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:18 May 2018
Deposited On:17 Sep 2020 12:10
Last Modified:18 Sep 2020 20:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0363-5023
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2017.10.036
PubMed ID:29249268

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