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Changes in the cerebrospinal fluid lipid profile following subarachnoid hemorrhage in a closed cranium model: Correlations to cerebral vasospasm, neuronal cell death and Interleukin-6 synthesis. A pilot study


Croci, Davide; Nevzati, Edin; Muroi, Carl; Schöpf, Salome; Hornemann, Thorsten; Widmer, Hans-Rudolf; Danura, Hiroki; Fandino, Javier; Marbacher, Serge (2020). Changes in the cerebrospinal fluid lipid profile following subarachnoid hemorrhage in a closed cranium model: Correlations to cerebral vasospasm, neuronal cell death and Interleukin-6 synthesis. A pilot study. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 29(9):105054.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Phospholipids and sphingolipids are cell membrane components, that participate in signaling events and regulate a wide variety of vital cellular processes. Sphingolipids are involved in ischemic stroke pathophysiology. Throughout cleavage of membrane sphingomyelin by sphingomyelinase in stroke patients, it results in increased Ceramide (Cer) levels in brain tissue. Different studies showed the evidence that sphingomyelinase with Cer production induces expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and have vasoconstrictive proprieties. With this study, we intend to evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipid profile changes in a rabbit closed cranium subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model.

METHODS

A total of 14 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated either to SAH or sham group. In the first group SAH was induced by extracranial-intracranial shunting from the subclavian artery into the cisterna magna. Intracranial pressure (ICP) and arterial blood pressure were continuously monitored. Digital subtraction angiography of the basilar artery, CSF and blood samples were performed at day 0 pre SAH and on day 3 post SAH. The amount of IL-6 and various lipids in CSF were quantified using ELISA and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry respectively. Cell death was detected in bilateral basal cortex, hippocampus (CA1 and CA3) using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).

RESULTS

SAH Induction led to acute increase of ICP and increased delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS). At follow up CSF IL-6 levels showed a significant increase compared to baseline. Between baseline and follow up there were no significant differences in any of the measured CSF Lipids irrespective of subgroups. No relevant correlation was found between IL-6 and any of the sphingolipids. We found a correlation between baseline and follow up for the phospholipids phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine.

CONCLUSIONS

Neuronal apoptosis, DCVS and IL-6 seems not to be related to changes in CSF lipid profiles except for PEA and PC in a rabbit closed cranium SAH model.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Phospholipids and sphingolipids are cell membrane components, that participate in signaling events and regulate a wide variety of vital cellular processes. Sphingolipids are involved in ischemic stroke pathophysiology. Throughout cleavage of membrane sphingomyelin by sphingomyelinase in stroke patients, it results in increased Ceramide (Cer) levels in brain tissue. Different studies showed the evidence that sphingomyelinase with Cer production induces expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and have vasoconstrictive proprieties. With this study, we intend to evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipid profile changes in a rabbit closed cranium subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model.

METHODS

A total of 14 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated either to SAH or sham group. In the first group SAH was induced by extracranial-intracranial shunting from the subclavian artery into the cisterna magna. Intracranial pressure (ICP) and arterial blood pressure were continuously monitored. Digital subtraction angiography of the basilar artery, CSF and blood samples were performed at day 0 pre SAH and on day 3 post SAH. The amount of IL-6 and various lipids in CSF were quantified using ELISA and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry respectively. Cell death was detected in bilateral basal cortex, hippocampus (CA1 and CA3) using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).

RESULTS

SAH Induction led to acute increase of ICP and increased delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS). At follow up CSF IL-6 levels showed a significant increase compared to baseline. Between baseline and follow up there were no significant differences in any of the measured CSF Lipids irrespective of subgroups. No relevant correlation was found between IL-6 and any of the sphingolipids. We found a correlation between baseline and follow up for the phospholipids phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine.

CONCLUSIONS

Neuronal apoptosis, DCVS and IL-6 seems not to be related to changes in CSF lipid profiles except for PEA and PC in a rabbit closed cranium SAH model.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Rehabilitation
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:September 2020
Deposited On:17 Sep 2020 13:10
Last Modified:18 Sep 2020 20:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1052-3057
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.105054
PubMed ID:32807460

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