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TGFβ activity released from platelet-rich fibrin adsorbs to titanium surface and collagen membranes


Di Summa, Francesca; Kargarpour, Zahra; Nasirzade, Jila; Stähli, Alexandra; Mitulović, Goran; Panić-Janković, Tanja; Koller, Veronika; Kaltenbach, Cosima; Müller, Heinz; Panahipour, Layla; Gruber, Reinhard; Strauss, Franz-Josef (2020). TGFβ activity released from platelet-rich fibrin adsorbs to titanium surface and collagen membranes. Scientific Reports, 10:10203.

Abstract

Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) contains a broad spectrum of bioactive molecules that can trigger several cellular responses. However, these molecules along with their upstream responses remain mostly uninvestigated. By means of proteomics we revealed that PRF lysates contain more than 650 proteins, being TGF-β one of the few growth factors found. To uncover the major target genes regulated by PRF lysates, gingival fibroblasts were exposed to lysates obtained from PRF membranes followed by a whole genome array. We identified 51 genes strongly regulated by PRF including IL11, NOX4 and PRG4 which are characteristic TGF-β target genes. RT-PCR and immunoassay analysis confirmed the TGF-β receptor I kinase-dependent increased expression of IL11, NOX4 and PRG4. The PRF-derived TGF-β activity was verified by the translocation of Smad2/3 into the nucleus along with the increased phosphorylation of Smad3. Considering that PRF is clinically used in combination with dental implants and collagen membranes, we showed here that PRF-derived TGF-β activity adsorbs to titanium implants and collagen membranes indicated by the changes in gene expression and immunoassay analysis. Our study points towards TGF-β as major target of PRF and suggest that TGF-β activity released by PRF adsorbs to titanium surface and collagen membranes.

Abstract

Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) contains a broad spectrum of bioactive molecules that can trigger several cellular responses. However, these molecules along with their upstream responses remain mostly uninvestigated. By means of proteomics we revealed that PRF lysates contain more than 650 proteins, being TGF-β one of the few growth factors found. To uncover the major target genes regulated by PRF lysates, gingival fibroblasts were exposed to lysates obtained from PRF membranes followed by a whole genome array. We identified 51 genes strongly regulated by PRF including IL11, NOX4 and PRG4 which are characteristic TGF-β target genes. RT-PCR and immunoassay analysis confirmed the TGF-β receptor I kinase-dependent increased expression of IL11, NOX4 and PRG4. The PRF-derived TGF-β activity was verified by the translocation of Smad2/3 into the nucleus along with the increased phosphorylation of Smad3. Considering that PRF is clinically used in combination with dental implants and collagen membranes, we showed here that PRF-derived TGF-β activity adsorbs to titanium implants and collagen membranes indicated by the changes in gene expression and immunoassay analysis. Our study points towards TGF-β as major target of PRF and suggest that TGF-β activity released by PRF adsorbs to titanium surface and collagen membranes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:1 December 2020
Deposited On:18 Sep 2020 15:03
Last Modified:01 Oct 2020 16:55
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67167-3
PubMed ID:32576959
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100017-125134
  • : Project TitleLe transfert de politiques innovatrices dans les 'pays en développment' et les organisations internationales. Le cas des politiques de transferts conditionnelles en espèces et des politiques de décentralisation dans quatre pays
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID10CO14-126014
  • : Project TitleValuing International Trade Rules

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