PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this structured review is to summarize the current research applications and opportunities arising from artificial intelligence (AI) and texture analysis with regard to cardiac imaging.
RECENT FINDINGS: Current research findings suggest tremendous potential for AI in cardiac imaging, especially with regard to objective image analyses, overcoming the limitations of an observer-dependent subjective image interpretation. Researchers have used this technique across multiple imaging modalities, for instance to detect myocardial scars in cardiac MR imaging, to predict contrast enhancement in non-contrast studies, and to improve image acquisition and reconstruction. AI in medical imaging has the potential to provide novel, much-needed applications for improving patient care pertaining to the cardiovascular system. While several shortcomings are still present in the current methodology, AI may serve as a resourceful assistant to radiologists and clinicians alike.