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Deciphering the Enigmatic Function of Pseudomonas Metallothioneins


Habjanič, Jelena; Mathew, Anugraha; Eberl, Leo; Freisinger, Eva (2020). Deciphering the Enigmatic Function of Pseudomonas Metallothioneins. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11:1709.

Abstract

Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight, Cys-rich proteins that sequester both essential and non-essential metal ions. Despite being highly conserved in the Pseudomonas genus of Gram-negative bacteria, knowledge of their physiological function in this species is scarce. Using the strain P. fluorescens Q2-87 as a model organism, we investigated the role of a conserved MT in zinc homeostasis, cadmium detoxification as well as its implications in stress response. We show that MT expression is only induced in the stationary phase and provides a fitness benefit for long-term starvation survival, while it is not required for metal resistance and acquisition, oxidative or nitrosative stress response, biofilm formation or motility.

Abstract

Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight, Cys-rich proteins that sequester both essential and non-essential metal ions. Despite being highly conserved in the Pseudomonas genus of Gram-negative bacteria, knowledge of their physiological function in this species is scarce. Using the strain P. fluorescens Q2-87 as a model organism, we investigated the role of a conserved MT in zinc homeostasis, cadmium detoxification as well as its implications in stress response. We show that MT expression is only induced in the stationary phase and provides a fitness benefit for long-term starvation survival, while it is not required for metal resistance and acquisition, oxidative or nitrosative stress response, biofilm formation or motility.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Microbiology
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microbiology (medical), Microbiology
Language:English
Date:22 July 2020
Deposited On:01 Oct 2020 09:12
Last Modified:07 Oct 2020 14:51
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-302X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01709

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