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STAT1 deficiency predisposes to spontaneous otitis media


Bodmer, Daniel; Kern, Peter; Bächinger, David; Monge Naldi, Arianne; Levano Huaman, Soledad (2020). STAT1 deficiency predisposes to spontaneous otitis media. PLoS ONE, 15(9):e0239952.

Abstract

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) is known to be an important player in inflammatory responses. STAT1 as a transcription factor regulates the expression of multiple proinflammatory genes. Inflammatory response is one of the common effects of ototoxicity. Our group reported that hair cells of STAT1 knockout (STAT1-KO) mice are less sensitive to ototoxic agents in-vitro. The effect of inflammatory responses in STAT1-KO mice has primarily been studied challenging them with several pathogens and analyzing different organs of those mice. However, the effect of STAT1 ablation in the mouse inner ear has not been reported. Therefore, we evaluated the cochlear function of wild type and STAT1-KO mice via auditory brain stem response (ABR) and performed histopathologic analysis of their temporal bones. We found ABR responses were affected in STAT1-KO mice with cases of bilateral and unilateral hearing impairment. Histopathologic examination of the middle and inner ears showed bilateral and unilateral otitis media. Otitis media was characterized by effusion of middle and inner ear that varied between the mice in volume and inflammatory cell content. In addition, the thickness of the middle ear mucosae in STAT1-KO mice were more pronounced than those in wild type mice. The degree of middle and inner ear inflammation correlated with ABR threshold elevation in STAT1-KO mice. It appears that a number of mice with inflammation underwent spontaneous resolution. The ABR thresholds were variable and showed a tendency to increase in homozygous and heterozygous STAT1-KO mice.

Abstract

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) is known to be an important player in inflammatory responses. STAT1 as a transcription factor regulates the expression of multiple proinflammatory genes. Inflammatory response is one of the common effects of ototoxicity. Our group reported that hair cells of STAT1 knockout (STAT1-KO) mice are less sensitive to ototoxic agents in-vitro. The effect of inflammatory responses in STAT1-KO mice has primarily been studied challenging them with several pathogens and analyzing different organs of those mice. However, the effect of STAT1 ablation in the mouse inner ear has not been reported. Therefore, we evaluated the cochlear function of wild type and STAT1-KO mice via auditory brain stem response (ABR) and performed histopathologic analysis of their temporal bones. We found ABR responses were affected in STAT1-KO mice with cases of bilateral and unilateral hearing impairment. Histopathologic examination of the middle and inner ears showed bilateral and unilateral otitis media. Otitis media was characterized by effusion of middle and inner ear that varied between the mice in volume and inflammatory cell content. In addition, the thickness of the middle ear mucosae in STAT1-KO mice were more pronounced than those in wild type mice. The degree of middle and inner ear inflammation correlated with ABR threshold elevation in STAT1-KO mice. It appears that a number of mice with inflammation underwent spontaneous resolution. The ABR thresholds were variable and showed a tendency to increase in homozygous and heterozygous STAT1-KO mice.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:29 September 2020
Deposited On:02 Oct 2020 06:08
Last Modified:01 Nov 2020 17:11
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN:1932-6203
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239952
PubMed ID:32991625

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