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Uncertainty analysis for topographic correction of hyperspectral remote sensing images


Ma, Zhaoning; Jia, Guorui; Schaepman, Michael E; Zhao, Huijie (2020). Uncertainty analysis for topographic correction of hyperspectral remote sensing images. Remote Sensing, 12(4):705.

Abstract

Quantitative uncertainty analysis is generally taken as an indispensable step in the calibration of a remote sensor. A full uncertainty propagation chain has not been established to set up the metrological traceability for surface reflectance inversed from remotely sensed images. As a step toward this goal, we proposed an uncertainty analysis method for the two typical semi-empirical topographic correction models, i.e., C and Minnaert, according to the ‘Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM)’. We studied the data link and analyzed the uncertainty propagation chain from the digital elevation model (DEM) and at-sensor radiance data to the topographic corrected radiance. We obtained spectral uncertainty characteristics of the topographic corrected radiance as well as its uncertainty components associated with all of the input quantities by using a set of Earth Observation-1 (EO-1) Hyperion data acquired over a rugged soil surface partly covered with snow. Firstly, the relative uncertainty of cover types with lower radiance values was larger for both C and Minnaert corrections. Secondly, the trend of at-sensor radiance contributed to a spectral feature, where the uncertainty of the topographic corrected radiance was poor in bands below 1400 nm. Thirdly, the uncertainty components associated with at-sensor radiance, slope, and aspect dominated the total combined uncertainty of corrected radiance. It was meaningful to reduce the uncertainties of at-sensor radiance, slope, and aspect for reducing the uncertainty of corrected radiance and improving the data quality. We also gave some suggestions to reduce the uncertainty of slope and aspect data.

Abstract

Quantitative uncertainty analysis is generally taken as an indispensable step in the calibration of a remote sensor. A full uncertainty propagation chain has not been established to set up the metrological traceability for surface reflectance inversed from remotely sensed images. As a step toward this goal, we proposed an uncertainty analysis method for the two typical semi-empirical topographic correction models, i.e., C and Minnaert, according to the ‘Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM)’. We studied the data link and analyzed the uncertainty propagation chain from the digital elevation model (DEM) and at-sensor radiance data to the topographic corrected radiance. We obtained spectral uncertainty characteristics of the topographic corrected radiance as well as its uncertainty components associated with all of the input quantities by using a set of Earth Observation-1 (EO-1) Hyperion data acquired over a rugged soil surface partly covered with snow. Firstly, the relative uncertainty of cover types with lower radiance values was larger for both C and Minnaert corrections. Secondly, the trend of at-sensor radiance contributed to a spectral feature, where the uncertainty of the topographic corrected radiance was poor in bands below 1400 nm. Thirdly, the uncertainty components associated with at-sensor radiance, slope, and aspect dominated the total combined uncertainty of corrected radiance. It was meaningful to reduce the uncertainties of at-sensor radiance, slope, and aspect for reducing the uncertainty of corrected radiance and improving the data quality. We also gave some suggestions to reduce the uncertainty of slope and aspect data.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Language:English
Date:21 February 2020
Deposited On:02 Oct 2020 11:50
Last Modified:03 Oct 2020 20:00
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2072-4292
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12040705

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