This chapter focuses on what information should be provided to patients about the evidence base supporting the clinical effectiveness of psychotherapy. In particular, the authors consider whether research on the relative efficacy of different forms of psychotherapy should be provided to patients, as well as whether patients should be provided with information on the relative importance of common factors versus specific factors as the causal agents of clinical improvement. After a critical review and discussion of the relatively few scholarly papers that have previously addressed this question, the authors conclude that patients should be provided with an honest, transparent, and impartial summary of the evidence related to their treatment options including information about the common factors. The authors offer this conclusion even while acknowledging that considerable controversy persists about how to interpret the psychotherapy research evidence base. Finally, the authors strongly support continued research into these questions, especially given the relatively limited scholarly attention they have received to date.