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Effect of fluoride varnish with functionalized tri-calcium phosphate on post-orthodontic white spot lesions: an investigator-blinded controlled trial


Salamara, Olympia; Papadimitriou, Aikaterini; Mortensen, Diana; Twetman, Svante; Koletsi, Despina; Gizani, Sotiria (2020). Effect of fluoride varnish with functionalized tri-calcium phosphate on post-orthodontic white spot lesions: an investigator-blinded controlled trial. Quintessence International, 51(10):854-862.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effect of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish with functionalized tri-calcium phosphate (fTCP) on post-orthodontic white spot lesions. A secondary aim was to study if the patients and their clinicians perceived clinical improvements.
METHOD AND MATERIALS
Sixty-four patients with at least two visible WSLs on their maxillary incisors, canines, or first premolars present at the debonding of fixed appliances (baseline) were enrolled and assigned to a Varnish group (Clinpro White Varnish, 3M Espe) receiving topical applications at baseline and after 8 weeks, or a Control group treated with a fluoride-free mock product. The primary endpoint was white spot lesion appearance after 16 weeks, assessed from photographs using the modified ICDAS white spot lesion score (0 to 3). The patients and the dental examiners rated the white spot lesions subjectively with aid of a visual analog scale.
RESULTS
Fifty-three patients completed the study. After 16 weeks, 62% of the white spot lesions in the Varnish group were completely reversed (score 0) compared to 39% in the Control group. The treatment effect was statistically significant (OR 0.22; 95% CI 0.08 to 0.59, P = .003) after adjusting for baseline oral hygiene index and type of tooth. A significant correlation (P < .05) was observed between patients' and orthodontists' perception of the lesions.
CONCLUSION
The 5% sodium fluoride varnish with fTCP appeared clinically effective in reversing post-orthodontic white spot lesions 16 weeks after debonding. The patients and the clinicians agreed on the obtained esthetic improvements.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effect of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish with functionalized tri-calcium phosphate (fTCP) on post-orthodontic white spot lesions. A secondary aim was to study if the patients and their clinicians perceived clinical improvements.
METHOD AND MATERIALS
Sixty-four patients with at least two visible WSLs on their maxillary incisors, canines, or first premolars present at the debonding of fixed appliances (baseline) were enrolled and assigned to a Varnish group (Clinpro White Varnish, 3M Espe) receiving topical applications at baseline and after 8 weeks, or a Control group treated with a fluoride-free mock product. The primary endpoint was white spot lesion appearance after 16 weeks, assessed from photographs using the modified ICDAS white spot lesion score (0 to 3). The patients and the dental examiners rated the white spot lesions subjectively with aid of a visual analog scale.
RESULTS
Fifty-three patients completed the study. After 16 weeks, 62% of the white spot lesions in the Varnish group were completely reversed (score 0) compared to 39% in the Control group. The treatment effect was statistically significant (OR 0.22; 95% CI 0.08 to 0.59, P = .003) after adjusting for baseline oral hygiene index and type of tooth. A significant correlation (P < .05) was observed between patients' and orthodontists' perception of the lesions.
CONCLUSION
The 5% sodium fluoride varnish with fTCP appeared clinically effective in reversing post-orthodontic white spot lesions 16 weeks after debonding. The patients and the clinicians agreed on the obtained esthetic improvements.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:23 June 2020
Deposited On:07 Oct 2020 13:42
Last Modified:13 Oct 2020 01:10
Publisher:Quintessence Publishing
ISSN:0033-6572
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3290/j.qi.a44810
PubMed ID:32577707

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