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Investigation of the status quo of veterinary point-of-care laboratories in Switzerland: availability, application, and quality management


Zahnd, R; Stirn, Martina; Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina; Riond, Barbara (2020). Investigation of the status quo of veterinary point-of-care laboratories in Switzerland: availability, application, and quality management. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 162(3):163-173.

Abstract

The extent to which Swiss veterinary practitioners follow the guidelines for quality assurance of the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) for point-of-care (POC) testing is unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the availability, application, and quality management of POC analyzers in Swiss veterinary practices/clinics. For this purpose, we created an online questionnaire on laboratory equipment, quality management, and biosafety, which all members of the Society of Swiss Veterinarians (GST) were invited to complete. In total, 192 clinics/practices participated, of which 69% had automated POC analyzers, mainly for clinical chemistry (99%) and/or hematology (86%). Sample analyses and equipment maintenance were mostly performed by veterinary technicians (81% and 68%, respectively). Reference intervals were adopted from manufacturers (80%) or literature (17%). The results showed that most participants perform basic internal quality control (chemistry: 75%; hematology: 86%), and many use at least two levels of quality control material (47%-48%). Controls are mostly run once a month (chemistry: 36%; hematology: 35%) or ≤4 times/year (36% and 25%). Only three clinics/practices reported participation in an external quality assessment program; comparative testing was more common (chemistry: 42%; hematology: 52%). Only one-quarter of the participants stated that they make use of the data generated through internal and external quality control measures. In conclusion, POC analyzers are widely available in Swiss veterinary clinics/practices, and internal quality control is performed to some extent. However, quality assessment and management and biosafety awareness and measures need to be improved, ideally with the support of clinical pathologists.

Abstract

The extent to which Swiss veterinary practitioners follow the guidelines for quality assurance of the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) for point-of-care (POC) testing is unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the availability, application, and quality management of POC analyzers in Swiss veterinary practices/clinics. For this purpose, we created an online questionnaire on laboratory equipment, quality management, and biosafety, which all members of the Society of Swiss Veterinarians (GST) were invited to complete. In total, 192 clinics/practices participated, of which 69% had automated POC analyzers, mainly for clinical chemistry (99%) and/or hematology (86%). Sample analyses and equipment maintenance were mostly performed by veterinary technicians (81% and 68%, respectively). Reference intervals were adopted from manufacturers (80%) or literature (17%). The results showed that most participants perform basic internal quality control (chemistry: 75%; hematology: 86%), and many use at least two levels of quality control material (47%-48%). Controls are mostly run once a month (chemistry: 36%; hematology: 35%) or ≤4 times/year (36% and 25%). Only three clinics/practices reported participation in an external quality assessment program; comparative testing was more common (chemistry: 42%; hematology: 52%). Only one-quarter of the participants stated that they make use of the data generated through internal and external quality control measures. In conclusion, POC analyzers are widely available in Swiss veterinary clinics/practices, and internal quality control is performed to some extent. However, quality assessment and management and biosafety awareness and measures need to be improved, ideally with the support of clinical pathologists.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Untersuchung des gegenwärtigen Zustands der tierärztlichen patienten­nahen Labordiagnostik in der Schweiz: Verfügbarkeit, Anwendung und Qualitätsmanagement
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Language:English
Date:March 2020
Deposited On:20 Oct 2020 16:42
Last Modified:21 Oct 2020 20:01
Publisher:Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte
ISSN:0036-7281
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17236/sat00250
PubMed ID:32146436

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