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Impact of mitral regurgitation aetiology on MitraClip outcomes: the MitraSwiss registry


Sürder, Daniel; Klersy, Catherine; Corti, Roberto; Biasco, Luigi; Gaemperli, Oliver; Maisano, Francesco; Toggweiler, Stefan; Jeger, Raban; Naegeli, Barbara; Noble, Stephane; Biaggi, Patric; Moccetti, Tiziano; Pedrazzini, Giovanni (2020). Impact of mitral regurgitation aetiology on MitraClip outcomes: the MitraSwiss registry. EuroIntervention, 16(2):e112-e120.

Abstract

AIMS
The Swiss national registry on percutaneous mitral valve interventions (MitraSwiss) was established in 2011 to monitor safety/efficacy of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) with the MitraClip device. The aim of this analysis was to report the outcome after PMVR in a real-world, all-comers population and its predictors after inclusion of more than 1,200 patients, stratifying the results according to mitral regurgitation (MR) aetiology. Here we report the in-hospital, short and midterm outcomes of all patients prospectively enrolled.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Since 2011, MitraSwiss has enrolled 1,212 patients with moderate and severe MR of functional (FMR) or degenerative (DMR) aetiology treated with PMVR in 10 centres. Pre-specified endpoints included clinical, echocardiographic and functional parameters with follow-up planned up to five years. Outcomes are compared according to MR aetiology. Acute procedural success was achieved in 91.5% of cases, with no differences between FMR and DMR and sustained good midterm results. NYHA class and pulmonary pressure improved significantly in both cohorts. Cumulative probability of death at five years was 54% (95% CI: 45-63) in FMR and 45% (95% CI: 37-54) in DMR (HR 1.15, p=0.009). Age, anaemia, impaired renal function and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction resulted in being independent predictors of death at five years.
CONCLUSIONS
In a large contemporary cohort of non-surgical patients with severe MR, the safety and effectiveness of PMVR have been confirmed. At midterm follow-up, mortality and MACE were lower in DMR patients, though MR aetiology was not directly and independently associated with outcome.

Abstract

AIMS
The Swiss national registry on percutaneous mitral valve interventions (MitraSwiss) was established in 2011 to monitor safety/efficacy of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) with the MitraClip device. The aim of this analysis was to report the outcome after PMVR in a real-world, all-comers population and its predictors after inclusion of more than 1,200 patients, stratifying the results according to mitral regurgitation (MR) aetiology. Here we report the in-hospital, short and midterm outcomes of all patients prospectively enrolled.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Since 2011, MitraSwiss has enrolled 1,212 patients with moderate and severe MR of functional (FMR) or degenerative (DMR) aetiology treated with PMVR in 10 centres. Pre-specified endpoints included clinical, echocardiographic and functional parameters with follow-up planned up to five years. Outcomes are compared according to MR aetiology. Acute procedural success was achieved in 91.5% of cases, with no differences between FMR and DMR and sustained good midterm results. NYHA class and pulmonary pressure improved significantly in both cohorts. Cumulative probability of death at five years was 54% (95% CI: 45-63) in FMR and 45% (95% CI: 37-54) in DMR (HR 1.15, p=0.009). Age, anaemia, impaired renal function and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction resulted in being independent predictors of death at five years.
CONCLUSIONS
In a large contemporary cohort of non-surgical patients with severe MR, the safety and effectiveness of PMVR have been confirmed. At midterm follow-up, mortality and MACE were lower in DMR patients, though MR aetiology was not directly and independently associated with outcome.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:Collaborators
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:12 June 2020
Deposited On:22 Oct 2020 09:11
Last Modified:04 Feb 2021 14:25
Publisher:Europa Digital and Publishing
ISSN:1774-024X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4244/EIJ-D-19-00718
PubMed ID:32011283

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