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Decrease of T-cells exhaustion markers programmed cell death-1 and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 and plasma IL-10 levels after successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C


Osuch, Sylwia; Laskus, Tomasz; Berak, Hanna; Perlejewski, Karol; Metzner, Karin J; Paciorek, Marcin; Radkowski, Marek; Caraballo Cortés, Kamila (2020). Decrease of T-cells exhaustion markers programmed cell death-1 and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 and plasma IL-10 levels after successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Scientific Reports, 10(1):16060.

Abstract

During chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, both CD4$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$ T-cells become functionally exhausted, which is reflected by increased expression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (Tim-3), and elevated anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 (IL-10) plasma levels. We studied 76 DAA-treated HCV-positive patients and 18 non-infected controls. Flow cytometry measured pretreatment frequencies of CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$, CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ T-cells and IL-10 levels measured by ELISA were significantly higher and CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ T-cells were significantly lower in patients than in controls. Treatment resulted in significant decrease of CD4$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$, CD8$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$, CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ T-cell frequencies as well as IL-10 levels and increase in CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ T-cells. There were no significant changes in the frequencies of CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$ T-cells, while CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$ T-cells increased. Patients with advanced liver fibrosis had higher PD-1 and lower Tim-3 expression on CD4$^{+}$T-cells and treatment had little or no effect on the exhaustion markers. HCV-specific CD8$^{+}$T-cells frequency has declined significantly after treatment, but their PD-1 and Tim-3 expression did not change. Successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C with DAA is associated with reversal of immune exhaustion phenotype, but this effect is absent in patients with advanced liver fibrosis.

Abstract

During chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, both CD4$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$ T-cells become functionally exhausted, which is reflected by increased expression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (Tim-3), and elevated anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 (IL-10) plasma levels. We studied 76 DAA-treated HCV-positive patients and 18 non-infected controls. Flow cytometry measured pretreatment frequencies of CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$, CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ T-cells and IL-10 levels measured by ELISA were significantly higher and CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ T-cells were significantly lower in patients than in controls. Treatment resulted in significant decrease of CD4$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$, CD8$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$, CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$Tim-3$^{+}$ T-cell frequencies as well as IL-10 levels and increase in CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ and CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{-}$Tim-3$^{-}$ T-cells. There were no significant changes in the frequencies of CD4$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$ T-cells, while CD8$^{+}$PD-1$^{+}$ T-cells increased. Patients with advanced liver fibrosis had higher PD-1 and lower Tim-3 expression on CD4$^{+}$T-cells and treatment had little or no effect on the exhaustion markers. HCV-specific CD8$^{+}$T-cells frequency has declined significantly after treatment, but their PD-1 and Tim-3 expression did not change. Successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C with DAA is associated with reversal of immune exhaustion phenotype, but this effect is absent in patients with advanced liver fibrosis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:29 September 2020
Deposited On:26 Oct 2020 18:07
Last Modified:01 Nov 2020 17:15
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73137-6
PubMed ID:32994477

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