Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Prevalence of integrase strand transfer inhibitor resistance mutations in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected individuals in Cameroon


Wenk, Benjamin M; Mbunkah, Herbert A; Nsanwe, Ndi N; Mbu, Eyongetah T; Besong, Lydia M; Sama, Bella A; Orock, Emmanuel; Leemann, Christine; Metzner, Karin J (2021). Prevalence of integrase strand transfer inhibitor resistance mutations in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected individuals in Cameroon. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 76(1):124-129.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

In Cameroon, the integrase (IN) strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) dolutegravir was recently introduced for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Since pretreatment HIV-1 drug resistance can jeopardize the success of ART, and considering the high heterogeneity of circulating HIV-1 subtypes in Cameroon, we investigated the prevalence of pretreatment HIV-1 resistance to INSTIs.

METHODS

Fingerprick dried blood spot samples were collected from 339 newly diagnosed HIV-1-infected individuals between 2015 and 2016 in four hospitals in Cameroon. Universal primers were designed to amplify the HIV-1 IN region from amino acid 1 to 276. Amplicons were sequenced with Illumina next-generation sequencing and analysed with the Polymorphism Analysis Sequencing (PASeq) platform, using the Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database to interpret HIV-1 drug resistance mutations (DRMs).

RESULTS

The amplification/sequencing success rate was 75.2% with 255/339 sequences obtained. Applying a cut-off of 1%, major DRMs to INSTIs were detected in 13 (5.1%) individuals, but only 1 individual harboured an INSTI DRM (E92G) at a nucleotide frequency ≥15%. However, 140/255 (54.9%) individuals harboured polymorphic accessory INSTI DRMs, mainly at high frequencies. In line with that observation, HIV-1 subtype diversity among individuals was high.

CONCLUSIONS

Pretreatment HIV-1 resistance to INSTIs was low in the study sites, which supports the use of INSTIs in Cameroon. Nevertheless, further studies are necessary to assess the impact of polymorphic accessory INSTI DRMs on INSTI-based ART regimens.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

In Cameroon, the integrase (IN) strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) dolutegravir was recently introduced for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Since pretreatment HIV-1 drug resistance can jeopardize the success of ART, and considering the high heterogeneity of circulating HIV-1 subtypes in Cameroon, we investigated the prevalence of pretreatment HIV-1 resistance to INSTIs.

METHODS

Fingerprick dried blood spot samples were collected from 339 newly diagnosed HIV-1-infected individuals between 2015 and 2016 in four hospitals in Cameroon. Universal primers were designed to amplify the HIV-1 IN region from amino acid 1 to 276. Amplicons were sequenced with Illumina next-generation sequencing and analysed with the Polymorphism Analysis Sequencing (PASeq) platform, using the Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database to interpret HIV-1 drug resistance mutations (DRMs).

RESULTS

The amplification/sequencing success rate was 75.2% with 255/339 sequences obtained. Applying a cut-off of 1%, major DRMs to INSTIs were detected in 13 (5.1%) individuals, but only 1 individual harboured an INSTI DRM (E92G) at a nucleotide frequency ≥15%. However, 140/255 (54.9%) individuals harboured polymorphic accessory INSTI DRMs, mainly at high frequencies. In line with that observation, HIV-1 subtype diversity among individuals was high.

CONCLUSIONS

Pretreatment HIV-1 resistance to INSTIs was low in the study sites, which supports the use of INSTIs in Cameroon. Nevertheless, further studies are necessary to assess the impact of polymorphic accessory INSTI DRMs on INSTI-based ART regimens.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 2021
Deposited On:27 Oct 2020 10:24
Last Modified:27 Feb 2021 08:27
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-7453
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkaa383
PubMed ID:32954411

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library