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Quantitative assessment of the nature of noncovalent interactions in N-substituted-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amines: insights from crystallographic and QTAIM analysis


El-Emam, Ali A; Saveeth Kumar, Elangovan; Janani, Krishnakumar; Al-Wahaibi, Lamya H; Blacque, Olivier; El-Awady, Mohamed I; Al-Shaalan, Nora H; Percino, M Judith; Thamotharan, Subbiah (2020). Quantitative assessment of the nature of noncovalent interactions in N-substituted-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amines: insights from crystallographic and QTAIM analysis. RSC Advances, 10(17):9840-9853.

Abstract

Three adamantane-1,3,4-thiadiazole hybrid derivatives namely; N-ethyl-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amine I, N-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amine II and (4-bromophenyl)-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-N-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amine III, have been synthesized and crystal structures have been determined at low temperature. The structures revealed that the orientation of the amino group is different in non-halogenated structures. Intra- and intermolecular interactions were characterized on the basis of the quantum theory of atoms-in-molecules (QTAIM) approach. Intermolecular interaction energies for different molecular pairs have been obtained using the PIXEL method. Hirshfeld surface analysis and 2D-fingerprint plots revealed that the relative contributions of different non-covalent interactions are comparable in compounds with halogen (Br and F) substitutions. Crystal structures of II and III show isostructural behaviour with 1D supramolecular constructs. In all three structures, the N–H⋯N hydrogen bond was found to be stronger among other noncovalent interactions. The H–H bonding showed a closed shell in nature and played significant roles in the stabilization of these crystal structures.

Abstract

Three adamantane-1,3,4-thiadiazole hybrid derivatives namely; N-ethyl-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amine I, N-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amine II and (4-bromophenyl)-5-(adamantan-1-yl)-N-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amine III, have been synthesized and crystal structures have been determined at low temperature. The structures revealed that the orientation of the amino group is different in non-halogenated structures. Intra- and intermolecular interactions were characterized on the basis of the quantum theory of atoms-in-molecules (QTAIM) approach. Intermolecular interaction energies for different molecular pairs have been obtained using the PIXEL method. Hirshfeld surface analysis and 2D-fingerprint plots revealed that the relative contributions of different non-covalent interactions are comparable in compounds with halogen (Br and F) substitutions. Crystal structures of II and III show isostructural behaviour with 1D supramolecular constructs. In all three structures, the N–H⋯N hydrogen bond was found to be stronger among other noncovalent interactions. The H–H bonding showed a closed shell in nature and played significant roles in the stabilization of these crystal structures.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Physical Sciences > General Chemical Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Chemistry, General Chemical Engineering
Language:English
Date:1 January 2020
Deposited On:26 Oct 2020 11:30
Last Modified:27 Nov 2020 07:34
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2046-2069
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/d0ra00733a

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