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Chemistry and Biology of the Clinically Used Macrolactone Antibiotic Fidaxomicin


Dorst, Andrea; Gademann, Karl (2020). Chemistry and Biology of the Clinically Used Macrolactone Antibiotic Fidaxomicin. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 103(4):e2000038.

Abstract

Fidaxomicin (1, lipiarmycin A3, clostomicin B1, tiacumicin B) constitutes a glycosylated 18-membered macrolactone and is a natural product isolated from various soil bacteria. Since 2011, fidaxomicin is a marketed antibiotic for the treatment of intestine infections caused by C. difficile in the clinic. Its promising in vitro antibacterial properties against resistant S. aureus and M. tuberculosis continue to attract interest. This review article describes the early history of the antibiotic fidaxomicin and highlights recent advances in the field, such as the elucidation of its mode of action and biosynthesis, as well as known derivatives. Furthermore, different synthetic strategies towards the total synthesis of fidaxomicin are summarized.

Abstract

Fidaxomicin (1, lipiarmycin A3, clostomicin B1, tiacumicin B) constitutes a glycosylated 18-membered macrolactone and is a natural product isolated from various soil bacteria. Since 2011, fidaxomicin is a marketed antibiotic for the treatment of intestine infections caused by C. difficile in the clinic. Its promising in vitro antibacterial properties against resistant S. aureus and M. tuberculosis continue to attract interest. This review article describes the early history of the antibiotic fidaxomicin and highlights recent advances in the field, such as the elucidation of its mode of action and biosynthesis, as well as known derivatives. Furthermore, different synthetic strategies towards the total synthesis of fidaxomicin are summarized.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Catalysis
Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Drug Discovery
Physical Sciences > Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Inorganic Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry, Drug Discovery, Catalysis
Language:English
Date:1 April 2020
Deposited On:30 Oct 2020 16:14
Last Modified:31 Oct 2020 21:00
Publisher:Wiley Open Access
ISSN:1522-2675
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.202000038
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID200021_182043
  • : Project TitleMechanism-Based Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Delivery of Next-Generation Antibiotics

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