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When the ear leads the eye – the use of text during simultaneous interpretation


Seeber, Kilian G; Keller, Laura; Hervais-Adelman, Alexis (2020). When the ear leads the eye – the use of text during simultaneous interpretation. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35(10):1480-1494.

Abstract

In our study we analyse the online processing of visual-verbal input during simultaneous interpreting with text. To that end, we compared 15 professional interpreters’ eye movements during simultaneous interpreting with text (SIMTXT) to a baseline collected during reading while listening (RWL). We found that interpreters have a preference for a visual lead during RWL, following the pattern well-documented in silent and oral reading studies. During SIMTXT, in contrast, interpreters show a clear preference for a visual lag. We tentatively conclude that during SIMTXT the visual input might be used first and foremost to support the production of the output rather than the comprehension of the input. Importantly, we submit that the availability of the written text of the orally presented discourse might negatively affect predictive processing.

Abstract

In our study we analyse the online processing of visual-verbal input during simultaneous interpreting with text. To that end, we compared 15 professional interpreters’ eye movements during simultaneous interpreting with text (SIMTXT) to a baseline collected during reading while listening (RWL). We found that interpreters have a preference for a visual lead during RWL, following the pattern well-documented in silent and oral reading studies. During SIMTXT, in contrast, interpreters show a clear preference for a visual lag. We tentatively conclude that during SIMTXT the visual input might be used first and foremost to support the production of the output rather than the comprehension of the input. Importantly, we submit that the availability of the written text of the orally presented discourse might negatively affect predictive processing.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Language and Linguistics
Social Sciences & Humanities > Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Linguistics and Language
Life Sciences > Cognitive Neuroscience
Uncontrolled Keywords:Linguistics and Language, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Language and Linguistics
Language:English
Date:1 December 2020
Deposited On:03 Nov 2020 16:45
Last Modified:26 Nov 2020 02:09
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2327-3798
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2020.1799045

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