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Social neurobiology of eating BOLD activity during emotion reappraisal positively correlates with dietary self-control success


Maier, Silvia U; Hare, Todd A (2020). Social neurobiology of eating BOLD activity during emotion reappraisal positively correlates with dietary self-control success. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

We combined established emotion regulation and dietary choice tasks with fMRI to investigate behavioral and neural associations in self-regulation across the two domains in human participants. We found that increased BOLD activity during the successful reappraisal of positive and negative emotional stimuli was associated with dietary self-control success. This cross-task correlation was present in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex as well as the striatum. In contrast, BOLD activity during the food choice task was not associated with self-reported emotion regulation efficacy. These results suggest that neural processes utilized during the reappraisal of emotional stimuli may also facilitate dietary choices that override palatability in favor of healthfulness. In summary, our findings indicate that the neural systems supporting emotion reappraisal can generalize to other behavioral contexts that require reevaluation of rewarding stimuli and outcomes to promote choices that conform with the current goal.

Abstract

We combined established emotion regulation and dietary choice tasks with fMRI to investigate behavioral and neural associations in self-regulation across the two domains in human participants. We found that increased BOLD activity during the successful reappraisal of positive and negative emotional stimuli was associated with dietary self-control success. This cross-task correlation was present in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex as well as the striatum. In contrast, BOLD activity during the food choice task was not associated with self-reported emotion regulation efficacy. These results suggest that neural processes utilized during the reappraisal of emotional stimuli may also facilitate dietary choices that override palatability in favor of healthfulness. In summary, our findings indicate that the neural systems supporting emotion reappraisal can generalize to other behavioral contexts that require reevaluation of rewarding stimuli and outcomes to promote choices that conform with the current goal.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Experimental and cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, general medicine, reappraisal, emotion, food choice, dietary self-control, fMRI
Language:English
Date:23 July 2020
Deposited On:06 Nov 2020 13:23
Last Modified:06 Nov 2020 13:23
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1749-5016
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsaa097
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID32003B_166566
  • : Project TitleEnhancing functional connectivity in prefrontal networks to test and improve self-control mechanisms in decision-making
  • : FunderFP7
  • : Grant ID607310
  • : Project TitleNUDGE-IT - The Neurobiology of Decision-Making in Eating - Innovative Tools

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