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Frequency and duration of daily smartphone usage in relation to personality traits


Beierle, Felix; Probst, Thomas; Allemand, Mathias; Zimmermann, Johannes; Pryss, Rüdiger; Neff, Patrick; Schlee, Winfried; Stieger, Stefan; Budimir, Sanja (2020). Frequency and duration of daily smartphone usage in relation to personality traits. Digital Psychology, 1(1):20-28.

Abstract

Objectives: Daily life behaviour can be studied by smart mobile devices. The current study investigated associations between personality traits and smartphone usage in daily routine.
Methods: 526 participants used the Track Your Daily Routine smartphone app (TYDR) for 48 days, on average (SD = 63.2, range 2 to 304). The Big Five Inventory 2 (BFI-2) was deployed to measure personality traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness). We analyzed associations between personality traits and two indicators of smartphone usage: number of wakeups per day and session duration.
Results: Participants reached for a smartphone more frequently during weekdays with shorter duration of usage compared to weekends. Younger people used their smartphones more often but with a shorter duration than older people. Female participants spent more time using smartphone per session than male participants. Extraversion and neuroticism were associated with more frequent checking of the phone per day while conscientiousness was associated with a shorter duration of the session per day.
Conclusions: Frequency and duration of daily smartphone usage is associated with personality traits and participants demographics (age, gender). Implications for future research are discussed.

Abstract

Objectives: Daily life behaviour can be studied by smart mobile devices. The current study investigated associations between personality traits and smartphone usage in daily routine.
Methods: 526 participants used the Track Your Daily Routine smartphone app (TYDR) for 48 days, on average (SD = 63.2, range 2 to 304). The Big Five Inventory 2 (BFI-2) was deployed to measure personality traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness). We analyzed associations between personality traits and two indicators of smartphone usage: number of wakeups per day and session duration.
Results: Participants reached for a smartphone more frequently during weekdays with shorter duration of usage compared to weekends. Younger people used their smartphones more often but with a shorter duration than older people. Female participants spent more time using smartphone per session than male participants. Extraversion and neuroticism were associated with more frequent checking of the phone per day while conscientiousness was associated with a shorter duration of the session per day.
Conclusions: Frequency and duration of daily smartphone usage is associated with personality traits and participants demographics (age, gender). Implications for future research are discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:8 June 2020
Deposited On:10 Nov 2020 17:40
Last Modified:27 Jan 2021 11:34
Publisher:Facultas Universitäts-Verlag
ISSN:2708-3381
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.24989/dp.v1i1.1821

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