Cognitive methods refer to research approaches that incorporate the understanding of cognitive processing and individual differences in cognitive performance of individuals. The goal of this entry is to give an overview about different cognitive methods and discuss their application for personality science. The first part argues for the importance of cognitive methods in personality research. The second part defines different cognitive processes such as accessibility, attention, executive functions, implicit self‐attitudes, and semantic priming. What follows is a discussion of the assessment of these processes in personality research. The final part discusses the integration of personality and cognitive processes.