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Impact of Massive or Torrential Tricuspid Regurgitation in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Intervention


Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of baseline massive or torrential tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention (TTVI).
Background

The use of TTVI to treat symptomatic severe TR has been increasing rapidly, but little is known regarding the impact of massive or torrential TR beyond severe TR.
Methods

The study population comprised 333 patients with significant symptomatic TR from the TriValve Registry who underwent TTVI. Mid-term outcomes after TTVI were assessed according to the presence of massive or torrential TR, defined as vena contracta width ≥14 mm. Procedural success was defined as patient survival after successful device implantation and delivery system retrieval, with residual TR ≤2+. The primary endpoint comprised survival rate and freedom from rehospitalization for heart failure, survival rate, and rehospitalization at 1 year.
Results

Baseline massive or torrential TR and severe TR were observed in 154 patients (46.2%) and 179 patients (53.8%), respectively. Patients with massive or torrential TR had a higher prevalence of ascites than those with severe TR (27.3% vs. 20.4%, respectively; p = 0.15) and demonstrated a similar procedural success rate (83.2% vs. 77.3%, respectively; p = 0.21). The incidence of peri-procedural adverse events was low, with no significant between-group differences. Freedom from the composite endpoint was significantly lower in patients with massive or torrential TR than in those with severe TR, which was significantly associated with an increased risk for 1-year death of any cause or rehospitalization for heart failure (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.91; 95% confidence interval: 1.10 to 3.34; p = 0.022). Freedom from the composite endpoint was significantly higher in patients with massive or torrential TR when procedural success was achieved (69.9% vs. 54.2%, p = 0.048).
Conclusions

Baseline massive or torrential TR is associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality and rehospitalization for heart failure 1 year after TTVI. Procedural success is related to better outcomes, even in the presence of baseline massive or torrential TR. (International Multisite Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies Registry [TriValve]; NCT03416166)

Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of baseline massive or torrential tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention (TTVI).
Background

The use of TTVI to treat symptomatic severe TR has been increasing rapidly, but little is known regarding the impact of massive or torrential TR beyond severe TR.
Methods

The study population comprised 333 patients with significant symptomatic TR from the TriValve Registry who underwent TTVI. Mid-term outcomes after TTVI were assessed according to the presence of massive or torrential TR, defined as vena contracta width ≥14 mm. Procedural success was defined as patient survival after successful device implantation and delivery system retrieval, with residual TR ≤2+. The primary endpoint comprised survival rate and freedom from rehospitalization for heart failure, survival rate, and rehospitalization at 1 year.
Results

Baseline massive or torrential TR and severe TR were observed in 154 patients (46.2%) and 179 patients (53.8%), respectively. Patients with massive or torrential TR had a higher prevalence of ascites than those with severe TR (27.3% vs. 20.4%, respectively; p = 0.15) and demonstrated a similar procedural success rate (83.2% vs. 77.3%, respectively; p = 0.21). The incidence of peri-procedural adverse events was low, with no significant between-group differences. Freedom from the composite endpoint was significantly lower in patients with massive or torrential TR than in those with severe TR, which was significantly associated with an increased risk for 1-year death of any cause or rehospitalization for heart failure (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.91; 95% confidence interval: 1.10 to 3.34; p = 0.022). Freedom from the composite endpoint was significantly higher in patients with massive or torrential TR when procedural success was achieved (69.9% vs. 54.2%, p = 0.048).
Conclusions

Baseline massive or torrential TR is associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality and rehospitalization for heart failure 1 year after TTVI. Procedural success is related to better outcomes, even in the presence of baseline massive or torrential TR. (International Multisite Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies Registry [TriValve]; NCT03416166)

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 September 2020
Deposited On:23 Nov 2020 16:12
Last Modified:24 Nov 2020 21:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1876-7605
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2020.05.011
PubMed ID:32912460

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