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Brief Report: Switching From TDF to TAF in HIV/HBV-Coinfected Individuals With Renal Dysfunction-A Prospective Cohort Study


Surial, Bernard; Béguelin, Charles; Chave, Jean-Philippe; Stöckle, Marcel; Boillat-Blanco, Noémie; Doco-Lecompte, Thanh; Bernasconi, Enos; Fehr, Jan; Günthard, Huldrych F; Schmid, Patrick; Walti, Laura N; Furrer, Hansjakob; Rauch, Andri; Wandeler, Gilles; Swiss HIV Cohort Study (2020). Brief Report: Switching From TDF to TAF in HIV/HBV-Coinfected Individuals With Renal Dysfunction-A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 85(2):227-232.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Whereas tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) can lead to renal adverse events, tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) has a more favorable renal safety profile. However, the impact of replacing TDF with TAF on renal function and liver parameters among HIV/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-coinfected individuals with renal dysfunction remains unclear.

METHODS

We included all participants from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study with an HIV/HBV coinfection who switched from TDF to TAF and had an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <90 mL/min/1.73 m and a suppressed HIV viral load (<200 cp/mL). We assessed changes in eGFR, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) after 1 year using mixed-effect models with interrupted time series.

RESULTS

Among 106 participants (15.1% women, median age 53 years), eGFR was 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m in 84 (79.2%) and <60 mL/min/1.73 m in 22 (20.8%) individuals at the time of switch. One year after the switch from TDF to TAF, individuals with an eGFR between 60 and 89 mL/min/1.73 m experienced increases in eGFR of 3.2 mL/min/1.73 m (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 5.2), whereas those with an eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m experienced improvements of 6.2 mL/min/1.73 m (95% CI 2.4 to 10.0). Urine protein-to-creatinine ratio decreased overall (-6.3 mg/mmol, 95% CI -10.0 to -2.7), and ALT levels declined in patients with elevated baseline levels (-11.8 IU/L, 95% CI -17.3 to -6.4) 1 year after replacing TDF with TAF.

CONCLUSIONS

Switching from TDF to TAF among HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals with renal impairment led to improvements in eGFR, a decline in proteinuria, and to ALT normalization in those with elevated ALT levels.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Whereas tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) can lead to renal adverse events, tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) has a more favorable renal safety profile. However, the impact of replacing TDF with TAF on renal function and liver parameters among HIV/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-coinfected individuals with renal dysfunction remains unclear.

METHODS

We included all participants from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study with an HIV/HBV coinfection who switched from TDF to TAF and had an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <90 mL/min/1.73 m and a suppressed HIV viral load (<200 cp/mL). We assessed changes in eGFR, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) after 1 year using mixed-effect models with interrupted time series.

RESULTS

Among 106 participants (15.1% women, median age 53 years), eGFR was 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m in 84 (79.2%) and <60 mL/min/1.73 m in 22 (20.8%) individuals at the time of switch. One year after the switch from TDF to TAF, individuals with an eGFR between 60 and 89 mL/min/1.73 m experienced increases in eGFR of 3.2 mL/min/1.73 m (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 5.2), whereas those with an eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m experienced improvements of 6.2 mL/min/1.73 m (95% CI 2.4 to 10.0). Urine protein-to-creatinine ratio decreased overall (-6.3 mg/mmol, 95% CI -10.0 to -2.7), and ALT levels declined in patients with elevated baseline levels (-11.8 IU/L, 95% CI -17.3 to -6.4) 1 year after replacing TDF with TAF.

CONCLUSIONS

Switching from TDF to TAF among HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals with renal impairment led to improvements in eGFR, a decline in proteinuria, and to ALT normalization in those with elevated ALT levels.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Health Sciences > Pharmacology (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 October 2020
Deposited On:13 Nov 2020 11:27
Last Modified:23 Jun 2024 01:44
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1525-4135
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000002429
PubMed ID:32925387
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)